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sensory transduction is the process by which
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Terms in this set (49)
Point where no receptor cells in the optician nerve is called thisBlind spotWhich part of the eye adjusts focus for object at varying distancesLensWe see wavelengths as a part of the electromagnetic spectrum between THiS rangethe visible light spectrum/ light wavesWhich of the following best describes the function of rodsHelp see at night, but are unable to see colorsTheory that we perceive colors in terms of a system of paired opposites is called thisOpponent process theoryRed lighting is utilized in emergency vehicles because of thisits the color most associated with emergencyWhat structure within ear is responsible for transmitting neural messages to the brainthe cochleaWebers law is most concerned with thisJND, just noticeable distanceSound waves described with height and length respectively referred to as thisAmplitude and wavelengthHow do we measure sound energyFrequency and amplitudeStructure found in middle of the earmalleus, incus, stapes.Skin senses include all the following exceptwarmth, cold, pain, touchOlfaction refers to thisSmellThe vestibular system is composed of thiswarmth, cold, pain, touchVestibular sense responsible for thisHelping us stay balanced when sitting, walking and runningGestalt principal are used in psychology to understand this isn't ithow the human eye perceives visual elementsResearchers place infants on visual cliff to learn about whatDepth perceptionBrain processes color, emotion, form and depth by using this processVisual CortexFirst task people face when shown an object is to separate object from surrounding. This is calledfigure- ground organizationPattern recognition that involves our beliefs, cognition, and experiences is described as this?perceptual expectancy/ perceptual learningOur perception that objects keep their shape, size and color, even though what actually hits out retina occasionally changes is called thisShape consistency, size constancy, color constancypitchHow high or low a sound isDecibelsa measure of how loud a sound isInstensityhow strong/ bold or how light/ pale a color isCiliaThe hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in a wavelike mannerplace theorythe theory that links the pitch we hear with the place where the cochlea's membrane is stimulatedfrequency theorytheory of pitch that states that pitch is related to the speed of vibrations in the basilar membranelocke and key theoryOdors are related to the shape of chemical molecules3 cutaneous receptors1. Change in temperature 2. Physical changes 3. Fire for hours after a cut/ burnPheromonesodorless chemicals that serve as social signals to members of one's speciestaste receptorschemical receptors on the tongue that decode molecules of food or drink to identify themabsolute thresholdthe minimum intensity of stimulation that must occur before you experience a sensationdifference thresholdthe smallest detectable difference between two stimulibottom-up processingwe begin with small sensory units and build upward to a complete perception.top-down processingPreexisting knowledge is used to rapidly organize features into a meaningful wholeinattential blindnessfailure to notice a stimulus because attention is focused elsewheresize constancythe perceived size of an object remains the same, even though the size of its image on the retina changes.Shape constancy:the shape of an object remains stable, even though the shape of its retinal image changesFive taste sensationssweet, salty, bitter, sour, umami