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26 terms

ch 9 anatomy

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The synarthrosis that binds the teeth to the bony sockets is a
suture.
synchondrosis.
gomphosis.
syndesmosis.
synotosis.
gomphosis
An immovable joint is a(n)
synarthrosis.
diarthrosis.
syndesmosis.
symphysis.
amphiarthrosis.
synarthrosis
A synovial joint is an example of a(n)
amphiarthrosis.
synarthrosis.
syndesmosis.
diarthrosis.
symphysis.
diarthrosis
A slightly movable joint is a(n)
synarthrosis.
gomphosis.
diarthrosis.
synostosis.
amphiarthrosis.
amphiarthrosis
A suture is an example of a(n)
synarthrosis.
diarthrosis.
symphysis.
syndesmosis.
amphiarthrosis.
synarthrosis
an epiphyseal line is an example of a
gomphosis.
synostosis.
syndesmosis.
symphysis.
synchondrosis.
synostosis
The intervertebral disc joint is called a
glide joint.
symphysis.
synarthrosis.
condylar joint.
synchondrosis.
symphysis
A joint where bones fuse together with bone tissue is called a
synchondrosis.
synostosis.
suture.
symphysis.
syndesmosis.
synostosis
Which of the following is not a function of synovial fluid?
lubrication
increases osmotic pressure within joint
protects articular cartilages
shock absorption
provides nutrients
increases osmotic pressure within joint
A ________ occurs when articulating surfaces are forced out of position.
dislocation
Which of the following movements is a good example of depression?
moving the hand toward the shoulder
extreme bending of the head backwards
turning the hand palm upward
spreading the fingers
opening the mouth
opening the mouth
Which of the following movements is a good example of depression?
moving the hand toward the shoulder
extreme bending of the head backwards
turning the hand palm upward
spreading the fingers
opening the mouth
opening the mouth
closing jaw once opened
protraction
The joint with greatest range of motion is the __________.
humerus-ulna
humerus-scapula
femur-tibia
femur-acetabulum
humerus-scapula
The "rotator cuff" of the shoulder __________.
reinforces the joint capsule
limits the range of movements
is formed by four tendons
All of these functions are performed by the rotator cuff.
all
a pain and stiffness of skeletal and muscular systems
rheumatism
all forms of rheumatism that damage articular cartilages of synovial joints
arthritis
most common form of arthritis caused my wear and tear of joint surfaces generally in ppl over age 60
osteoarthritis
inflammatory condition cauesd by infection, allergy, or autoimmune diesease. antibodies attack joint capsule
rheumatoid arthritis
occurs when crystals form within synovial fluids due to metabolic disorders
gouty arthritis
refers to a softening of your bones, often caused by a vitamin D deficiency
osteomalacia
cushions joint ex: meniscus
cartilages
superficial to the joint capsule, protects articular cartilages
fat pads
support, strengthen joints, where sprains can happen
ligaments
attach to muscles around joint, helps suport
tendon
pockets of synovial fluid, cushion areas where tendons or ligaments rub
bursae