Chapter 9- Progressive Era

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Terms in this set (30)
NAACP primary goalEquality among the races.Sixteenth AmendmentReplace revenue lost by enacting lower tariffs and passing the income tax.Conservation -the movement to protect America's natural resources.Florence Kelley -An advocate for improving the lives of women and children. (Social Welfare). She was appointed chief inspector of factories in Illinois. She helped win passage of the Illinois factory act in 1893 which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours.Why were federal bans on child labor unsuccessfulThe Supreme Court ruled such bans unconstitutional.Assembly line1. Improved higher worker turnover 2. Reduced workday hours 3. Provided higher wages.Three Women who pushed for Suffrage1. Elizabeth Cady Stanton 2. Susan B. Anthony 3. Carrie Chapman CattWhose favorite term is "Bully"Theodore Roosevelt.What effect did World War I have on the suffragist movementIt hastened passage and ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment.InitiativeA bill that originates from the people rather than legislators.Woodrow Wilsonpresident of the United States who was a former president of Princeton University and governor of New JerseyStrategies used by women suffragist1. A constitutional amendment. 2. They tested the fourteenth amendment in court. 3. Convinced state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.Primary goal of prohibitioniststo eliminate the use of alcohol in society.Seventeenth Amendment1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators, ordinary citizens gained most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment.Which candidate was least pleasing to reformers in the Election of 1912William H TaftWilliam H. Taft27th US president, took over presidency after theodore Roosevelt, strengthened ICC, trust buster, president whose actions split the Republican party after he angered both progressives and conservationistsThe JungleThis 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.Square Deal -Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers, the term used to describe the progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt.Progressive Movement's Goals:1. Protect social welfare. 2. Create economic reform. 3. Efficiency in the workplace.Jobs held by WomenServants, maids, housekeepers.