Human Growth and Development Exam 2

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Before birth, a ______ is sent from the biological mother to the fetus; post-birth, the _________ responds and sends antibodies from the biological mother to the baby
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Terms in this set (25)
Morgan's grandmother is always going on and on about her glory days as the president of her sorority. What is the term used to describe this time?Reminiscence BumpWhich two factors pull from the organ reserve to reach homeostasis?The Endocrine System and the Nervous SystemAfter twenty years of marriage, Whitney retells her children about her wedding. Whitney is using ___________ to recall it.Long Term MemoryWhich of the following is the location where you are manipulating the answer to this question in your memory????Marcus keeps calling the volleyball a soccer ball. Marcus is using which fallacy of logic ________, and is the ___________ stage of cognitive development.IrreversibilityGrowth Charts-Used to track and compare to the other child -Pediatricians -Percentile: a comparison score -Signs of early growth issues: Height and Weight are not proportional, sudden percentile ranking change, low extremesImmune System-Purpose: defense against infection -Develops parallel to circulatory system -Near birth> mother will send a antibody bank to child for basic immunity -Decreases around 20 years old -Vaccinations build immunityBirthweight Issues-Low Birth Weight: <5.5lbs -Very Low: <3.3lbs -Extremely Low: <2.2lbs *Caused by multiple birth pregnancies, poor health/nutrition, drug use -Small for gestational age: Full term baby weighing 2600 grams, 30 week preterm baby weighing 1000 gramsProximodistal Trend-Spinal cord out the finger and toes/Center out -Typically seen in physical growthCephalocaudal Trend-Head-to-toe growth> seen in prenatal development and development in motor skills -Controls head, then sits up, then crawls, then walksNewborns and Weight- Lose 7-10% of weight within the first 3 days after birth >Normal >Carry extra calories, electrolytes and fluid -More than 10%> abnormal developmentHeight and Weight Birth through Adolescence-Infancy: Weight an ounce a day, Height- 10 inches a year -1-9 years old: Weight- 4 to 5 lbs a year, Height- 3 inches per year -Adolescence: Girls grow 3.5 inches per year Boy grow 4.1 inches per yearWhy is breastmilk best?-responds to infants nutritional needs -provides antibodies -digestive system can break it down -aids in proper development - Colostrum: first milk, nutritional defense, high in antibodies, builds immune systemPuberty-Females: Normal- 8 to 13 years old, Average 11 years old -Males: Normal- 9 to 14 years old, Average- 12 years old -Precocious: <8 for females, <9 for males -Primary Sex Characteristic> used to conceive -Secondary Sex Characteristic> visible characteristicsPuberty Development for Females-Development of Breasts Begin 10 years old -Initial Height Spurt 10 years old -Pubic hair appears 10.5 years old -Increase in Strength 11.6 years old - Final Height Spurt 11.7 years old - Menarche -- first menstrual cycle 12.5 years old -Adult stature 13 years old -Completion of Pubic Hair Growth 14.5 years -Completion of Breast Development 15 years old