Anatomy Chapter 5 Test

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adipose tissue
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Terms in this set (43)
macrophagelarge phagocytic cellsmast cellswildly distributed, produce histamine and heparinmatrixintercellular material of connective tissueosteocytesbone producing cellskeratinis the protein found in stratified squamous epithelium that makes it tough and waterproofgoblet cellssecretory cells that are found in simple columnar epithelium and produce mucoussimple cuboidalhas one layer, in square in shape and has large, centrally located nucleistratified squamousthe skin is composed of thissimple squamousa single layer and is found in the capillary beds of the alveoli of the lungstransitional epitheliumlines the urinary latter, has the ability to stretch, and is watertightsimple columnarfound throughout most of the alimentary canal and is composed of a single layer of rectangular cellspseudostratified columnarhas a falsely layered appearance due to the uneven distribution of the nuclei of the cellsepithelialtissue that covers the body's surface and lines all the internal cavities90%up to __ of all human cancers are carcinomascarcinomasgrowths that originate in epitheliumconnective tissue fibers lose elasticity (skin becomes leathery)when skin is exposed to prolonged and intense sunlight...contract like it did and do not usually divide anymorewhen or if a muscle is replaced, that new thing cannot...melanomacancer of the melanocyte which spreads throughout your body and is very dangerous1. serous 2. mucous 3. synovial 4. cutaneousmembranes are organs and are composed of what tissues?cutaneouscovers the body, skinserouslines the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity, covers organsmucouslines tubes and organs that open to the outside worldsynovialline joints cavities of bones that are freely moveable1. protects 2. regulates body temperature 3. retards water loss from deeper tissue 4. sensory receptors for sensing 5. makes various biochemicals 6. excretes wastesfunctions of the integumentary systemstratum corneumwhat is the most superficial layer of the corneous?epidermiswhat is the most superficial layer of the skin?melanocytemelanin producing calls (skin color/ pigment)arrector pili musclethe muscle that makes your hair stand on endsudoriferousSweat glands are also called ___________ glands.cardiac musclemuscle that composes heart, striated and involuntarynervous tissuecontains neurons and neuroglia cells, coordinates, regulates, and integrates body functionsskeletal musclemuscles attached to bones, striated and voluntarysmooth musclemoves food through the digestive tract, the muscle that lacks striations