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AP Art History - Chapter 9 Etruscan

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arch
curved structure which spans an opening
barrel vault
semi-circular structure made up of successive arches
buttress
projected support for a external wall
Chimera
monster of Greek invention with a lion's head, body and serpent's tail
Cinerary Urn
vase for ashes of a cremated person
Concave
bulges in
Convex
bulges out
Divination
process of interpreting omens
Dome
circular, octagonal, elliptical or polygonal shape which is hemispherical curvature of the roof.
Effigy
image of a dead person
Etruscans
people who inhabited central Italy, b/w 6th and 7th century BC
Fibula
clasp or safety pin used to fasten a woman's gown
Granulation
fusing of tiny meal balls to a metal surface for decoration
Groin Vault
intersection of 2 barrel vaults
Key Stone
topmost wedge which locked the arch into place
Necropolis
city of the dead
omen
occurrence believed to portend a future event, foreshadowing of the future
sarcophagus
large stone coffin usually decorated with sculpture and inscriptions
triumphal arch
freestanding arch commemorating an important event
tumulus
tomb in the form of a mound
vault
arched ceiling made of stone, brick or concrete
voussoirs
wedge shaped blocks holding the curve of the arch