35 terms

The Heritage of the World Chapter 22

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Crimean War
the war rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend its influence over the Ottoman Empire
Tanzimat
the decree that attempted to reorganize the Ottoman Empire's administration and military along European lines
Young Turks
the group of reformist officers that came up with a program to modernize the Ottoman Empire
Cavour
the prime minister of Piedmont who transformed the Italian peninsula into a nation-state under a constitutional monarchy in 1860
Piedmont
the most indepndent state on the Italian peninsula
1861
the year when Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of Italy; the year when serfdom was abolished in Russia
German Confederation
the political structure of the German-speaking lands, which had been established at the Congress of Vienna
William I
Frederick William IV's brother, a patriot who became king of Prussia in 1861
Bismark
the prime minister who moved against the liberal Parliament and united Germany through the conservative institutions of Prussia, embracing the cause of German natinalism
Danish War
the war in which Denmark was defeated by combined Austrian and Prussian forces
Seven Weeks' War
the war in which Prussia decisively defeated Austria, resulting in the permanent exclusion of the Austrian Habsburgs from German affairs and establihsing Prussia as the only major power among the German states
North German Confederation
the confederation that comprised all of Germany north of the Main River
Franco-Prussian War
the war between France and Prussia caused by Prince Leopold's ascension to the Spanish throne; won by Prussia, creating a united northern and southern Germany
1870-1871
dates of the Franco-Prussian War
Paris Commune
the Parisian muncipal government created in 1871
Third Republic
the Frenchf government which resulted from the bickering and frustrtaion of the monarchists in the National Assembly
Dreyfus Affair
the greatest tragedy of the Third Republic, in which a French military court found Jewish Captain Alfred Dreyfus guilty of passing secret information to the German army, despite flimsy vidence which was later to proven to ahve been forged
Zola
the liberal novelist who defended Dreyfus in his article "J'accuse" but was convicted of libel and fled to England
"J'accuse"
the article by Zola which contended that the army ahd denied due process to Dreyfus and had suppressed or forged evidence
Francis Joseph
the Habsburg emperor who issued the October Diploma and the Ausgleich
October Diploma
the decree which created a federation among the states and provinces of the Habsburg Empire
Ausgleich
the compromise between the Habsburgs and the Magyars which tranformed the Habsburg Empire into a dual monarchy known as Austria-Hungary
1867
date of the Ausgleich in the Habsburg Empire and the Second Reform Act in Russia
Alexander II
the Russian king who abolished serfdom and instituted limited reforms
abolition of serfdom
occurred in Russia in 1861
Alexander III
the king who sought primarily to roll back his father's reforms
Second Reform Act
the reform bill which Benjamin Disraeli and the conservative ministry in the House of Commons passed in 1867 to receive the gratitude of the new voters
Disraeli
the leader of the conservative ministry in the House of Commons who helped pass the Second Reform Act
Gladstone
the liberal prime minister of Britain
Ballot Act of 1872
the British act which introduced voting by secret ballot
Public Health Act of 1875
the act which consolidated previous legislation on sanitation in Britain and reaffirmed the duty of the state to interfere with private property to protect health and physical well- being
Irish Question
the question of whether Ireland would achieve home rule
home rule
government of a country or locality by its own citizens
Parnell
the leader of the Irish movement for a just land settlement and for home rule, who organized eighty-five Irish members of the House of Commons into a tightly disciplined party
House of Lords Act of 1911
the act which curbed the power of the Lords, and had to pass the Comons three times over the Lords' veto to become law (implemented after World War I)