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25 terms

AP US history ch 7

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Patriots
350,000 eligible men
fighting for their own soil
Patriot Militias
farmers who threw down the plow to fight
Loyalists
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence - persecuted
What did women do during the war
nurses, cooks, laundry, and even spies
Battle of long island
Battle in which General Howe moved to NYC. Washington's army was defeated, and they retreated
Battle of Trenton
December 25th. Washington crosses Deleware River and takes advantage of he Hessains. Becuase they were celebrating Christmas. He takes the Hessains by suprise and its a victory for the Continental Army.
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they suprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.
The Battle of Saratoga
At this battle the British were fighting for control of the Hudson river and we stopped them, This is known as the turning point battle because the French joined an alliance with us after it.
Valley Forge
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton
Britians Failed attempt to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies
map:
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=northern+campaign+of+1777+map&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=602&tbm=isch&tbnid=_y_1W2YSrwHCZM:&imgrefurl=http://www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/79oriskany/79locate3.htm&docid=RlA55WBax1PZvM&imgurl=http://www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/79oriskany/79images/79map3bl.gif&w=458&h=412&ei=E2OfToy6CbKCsAKDqPCtBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=292&vpy=134&dur=374&hovh=213&hovw=237&tx=124&ty=116&sig=115197252590119375768&page=1&tbnh=122&tbnw=136&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0
Who mainly fought the war at sea? why?
Britain and France
because Britain thought they needed to protect their west indies colonies since the french were on the americans side
John Paul Jones
American Naval Hero
What side did the indians take?
most of the Indians took the British side
the Iroquois confederacy became split and fought against each other for the fist time
Ticonderoga
American revolutionary troops captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in 1775 and gained 50 cannons
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
Yorktown
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
Strengths of Articles of Confederation
North west Ordinances
Treaty of Paris 1783
1783 Februrary 3; American delegates Franklin, Adams, John Jays; they were instructed to follow the lead of France; John Jay makes side treaty with England; Independence of the US End of Loyalist persecution; colonies still had to repay its debt to England
after the war
soldiers weren't paid and refused to leave until they were
George Washington talked them down and avoided civil war
Treaty of fort stanwix of 1784
Treaty signed by the United States and the (forced) pro-British Iroquois granting Ohio country to the Americans.
balanced democracy
little bit of democrcy, aristrocracy and monarchy
majority tyranny
the higher ups were afraid of the general population having control
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Served as a model for the Bill of Rights to the Constitution of the United States of America that included a section on total religious freedom; written by George Mason.
shays rebellion
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes