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Terms in this set (52)
apical pulsepulse taken with a stethoscope and near the apex of the heartbrachial pulsethe pulse felt in the upper armbradycardiaslow heart rate (less than 60 bpm)tachycardiaFast heart rate (HR greater than 100bpm)arrhythmiaAbnormal heart rhythmdyspneadifficult or labored breathingCheyne-Stokes respirationabnormal breathing patter characterized by long periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea, frequently noted in dying patientapulse deficitdifference between the apical and radial pulse ratessystolicpressure that occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteriesdiastolicthe constant pressure in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is at rest, or between contractionsHTNhypertension (high blood pressure), pressures greater than 130/80pyrexiafeverorthopneasevere dyspnea where breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standingtachypnearapid, shallow respiratory rate, 25+ breaths per minapneaabsence of breathingeupneanormal breathingprehypertensionsystolic 120-139 or diastolic 80-89moderate hypoxia86-90% oxygen in bloodhypoxiaa below normal blood-oxygen levelmost accurate method of taking temp? most common?most accurate is rectal, most common is oral3 things that lead to increased body temp?excitement, exercise , and illness2 things that lead to decreased body temp?starvation/fasting, sleeppulse rate & rhythmpulse rate- measured by the. number or BPM pulse rhythm- regularity of pulse, spacing of beatswhat are the 4 main vital signstemperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressurewhat is considered the 5th vital signpainwhat is the purpose of a graphic recordserves as info on pt, medications procedures etcwhat causes heart soundsclosing of heart valveshow do you determine how bad a patients pain isask them to rate in by using a face or number scale, patient is always rightas a CNA, how do you help reduce painby administering pain control, tell the nurse so pt can get meds as neededwhat 3 factors can increase BPexcitement, anxiety, exercisewhat 2 factors decrease BPdepressant drugs and dehydrationhow do you take BPas a fraction, systolic/diastolic mmHGnormal temp range97-100 degrees fahrenheit or 36.1 to 37.8 degrees celsiusnormal respiration range12-20 adults, 16-30 children, 30-50 for infantsnormal pulse range60-100normal BP rangeSystolic <120 Diastolic <80normal SPO2 range95-100%how to calculate pulse deficitapical pulse-radial pulsehow do you calculate pulse pressuresystolic pressure- diastolic pressurewhat is the respiratory rate for children 1-816-30 breaths per minKussmaul respirationsvery deep and rapid respirationssphygmomanometerinstrument to measure blood pressure