Heel-strike normally occurs by landing on the heel with the foot in supination and the leg in external rotation
The linea alba runs vertically from the xiphoid process through the umbilicus to the pubis and divides the rectus abdominis
Muscles may shorten or lengthen in the absence of a contraction through passive movement caused by other contracting muscles
Concentric muscle actions are the shortening contraction of muscles against gravity or a resistance
Eccentric actions occur when muscles lengthen under tension to control the joints moving with gravity or a resistance.
The "Said" principle is applicable in every form of muscle training as well as to the systems of body
The specific needs of each individual must be specifically addressed when designing an exercise program
Many types of back pain and other physical ailments can be avoided through proper maintenance of the musculoskeletal system
Flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior
Which of the following is the correct order starting from the most posterior aspect of the distal lower leg/ankle and moving medially
Flexor digitorum longus
Which of the following muscles has its insertion on the base of the distal phalanx of each of the four lesser toes
Flexor hallucis longus
Which of the following muscles can perform flexion of the great toe when concentrically contracting
Extensor hallucis longus
Which of the following muscles can perform extension of the great toe when concentrically contracting
Tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus
The "Tom, Dick, and Harry" phrase refers to the?
Both of the above choices are correct
Which of the following statements is not correct regarding the abdominal muscles?
Which of the following muscles would not be concentrically active when attempting to place the right ear on the right shoulder while lying on the left side
All of the above choices are correct
Which of the following statements is correct regarding the diaphragm muscle
Right splenius capitus
Which of the following muscles contract concentrically to cause extension of the head, right cervical rotation, and right cervical lateral flexion?
Left internal oblique abdominal and right external oblique abdominal
When performing the up portion of the sit-up with rotation to the left, which of the following muscles are utilized the most?
The ________ vertebrae serves as a link between the pelvic girdle and the thoracic spine rib cage
Cervical and lumbar
Nearly all movement of the spinal column takes place within the two supportive structures known as the _____ and _____?
The _______ process can be palpated on the posterior surface of the spine when it is flexed.
When the descent is at the same speed as gravity no muscular control is exerted
Which of the following statements is true regarding the action of the quadriceps muscle group during squatting?
The strength of the erector spinae muscles are benefited significantly through this exercise
Which of the following statements is not true regarding the "bent knee sit-up" exercise?
Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of shoulder flexion when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?
Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of trunk extension when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?
During the lifting phase of a "dead lift" exercise the agonist muscles of the wrist and hand include all of the following except?
During the lifting phase of a "dead lift" exercise the agonist muscles of the hip include all of the following except?
Which of the following muscles is not activated during an isometric abdominal exercise?
Which of the following muscles actions is performed during the lowering phase of "hip sled" exercise?
Eccentric contractions during the return to starting phase
The abdominal curl-up strengthens the abdominal muscles through?
Concentrically during the lifting phase
In the alternating prone extension exercise the hip extensors contract _______?