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48 terms

Sociology

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Modern conflict theorists believe that the rebellion against capitalists will be swift and succesful when it occurs because people will simply have reached every limit of tolerance.
false
Socialism and communism are identical in their meaning and application
false
Functionalists believe that because social inequality is univeral, inequality must help society to serve
true
Slavery in the American colonies followed the same ideologies as it did in Europe during the Roman Empire and during the Renaissance
false
The difference between the caste and the class system is a person's relationship to the means of production
true
Most sociologists support the culture of poverty theory to explain global stratification over other theories
false
There are more less industrailized nations in the world than the total number of most industrialized and industrializa
true
Marx concluded that social class depended on many factors, including ones level of membership in the communist party
false
compared to Americam the British have learned to be less prejudiced and discriminations when associationg with people outside their own social class
false
Because of government programs there is less economic difference between the rich and the poor than there was in 1970
false
Donald Trump and Bill Gates serve as classic examples of "blue bloods" included in the social Register
flase
Structural mobility refers to changes in society hat push larger numbers of people either up or down the social class ladder
true
There is more poverty in rural than in urban areas
true
Sociologists generally agree on the six tier model of social class ranging from the underclass to the capitalist class
true
Conflicts generally support the concept that individuals influence politics by voting
false
The higher one's social class, the greater their choice of eligible marriage partners
false
Sociologists generally agree that the psychological explanations of prejudice to be valid and applicable
false
In the split labor makret all minorities would be united against the discrimination of the dominant class
flase
One of the first groups in the West to be met with wide spread discrimination that was both individual and institutional were the Chinese
True
The national origins of the greatest number of Asian Americans is Japanese
false
Biologists and anthropologists agree that there are 27 distinct races
false
Sociologically, the terms minority and dominant have little to do with actual number of percentages within a population
true
When the Nazis used the Jews as a scapegoat for everything that was wrong with the German economy it as actually a form of prejudice and discrimination
true
More Americans of European decent trace their roots to Great Britain that to any other nations
false
In what type of society was slavery most widespread?
agricultural
In what type of society was slavery least common
hunting and gathering
According to the text, what is the unique type of work for which young boys are enslaved today in some countries in the Middle East
To serve as jockeys in camel races
What is another name for the thousands of sub castes within the four categories of India's caste system?
jati
Why is ideology more effective that force as a means to maintain stratification?
Coercion is ineffective because it breeds hostility and nourishes rebellion
Nasa, Walmart and even your university are employing "Tiny Brothers" to maintain security. What are the tiny brothers?
Security cameras placed around facilities buildings and parking lots
What is the explanation of global stratification that includes core nations, semi-periphery nations, periphery nations and external areas?
world systems
Which of the following events is responsible for creating extensive ties among the world nations?
The globalization of capitalism
What classification of nations contains 16 percent of the world's population and 31% of the world's land
most industrialized nations
What are two basic reasons why poor nations remain at the bottom of the world stratification order?
The existence of neocolonialism and the influence of multi-national corporations
What name is given to the association of wealthy and powerful nations that meet regularly to discuss global issues and determine world economic policy
the group of eight
Who was the sociologist who argued that stratification applies to only societies that have at least minimal resources that can accumulate surplus
Gerhard lenski
In democracies, what are the two methods used by the ruling elite to control information?
Selectively releasing information and coercion
What are the three most striking characteristics of the British class system
language and education
Hwat was the primary purpose behind colonialism as it was practiced during the 18th and 19th centuries by the nations in Europe
To establish economic colonies and exploit the people and resources
In the three world model, what quality distinguishes a First World nation
a capitalist economy
What term did Vladmir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and other followers of Karl Marx use to describe the intermediate step between capitalism and an idealistic communistic state?
socialism
How many classes exist in Erik Wright's modified Marxian model of social class
four
What qualities do most US presidents share
They are millionaire white men from "old money" families
Meredith is unable to afford adequate medical care to treat her mental illness. In view of this, what can be surmised about Meredith's situation?
Meredith qualifies as being in poverty and is receiving tranquilizers for a diagnosed mental illness
Slavery in the US was an example of which pattern of inter-group relations?
internal colonialism
What European nation provides the best example of multiculturalism
Switzerland
What race-related legislation did Senator SI Hayakawa of California introduce in 1981?
An English only ammendment to the Constitution
Who are the American colunteers concerned with illegal immigration who unofficially patrol the Mexico-US border
minutemen