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Chapter 4 Notecards

What is suffrage?

The right to vote

What was our country's first constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

What is ratification?

Official approval

What movements influenced ideas for Amercia's government?

The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening

What documents influenced ideas for America's government?

Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and the Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom

Why did we need a new constitution?

The Articles of Confederation did not give the government enough power.

What is a tariff?

A tax on imports or exports

How many branches are in our government and what are they?

3; judicial, legislative, executive

What is federalism?

A sharing of power between states and national government.

Who is responsible for proposing and passing laws?

Congress/ Legislative branch

What is the purpose of the checks and balances system?

Keeps any branch from becoming too powerful

What is a veto?

Executive (president) rejection of a bil

How can congress reverse a presidents decision?

With 2/3 majority vote over the president's veto

How can the judicial branch check the legislative branch?

By declaring laws unconstitutional

How can an executive branch override a new law created by the legislative branch?

The president can veto the law

How many senators does each state get?


How many representatives does each state gets?

Depends on the # of people in the state

Who served as presidnet of the Constitutional Convention?

George Washington

How did the Great Compromise combine elements from the Virginia and New Jersey plan?

It created a bicameral/ two house legislature

When did the constitution officially go into affect?

June 1788

What is an amendment?

An official change

A proposed amendment much have what kind of agreement/vote?

Approved by 2/3 majority of congress (the senate and House of Representatives

An amendment must be ratified by what kind of agreement/vote?

3/4 of the state legislatures

What is the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 amendments of the constitution

What rights do the Bill of Rights protect?

Citizen's rights

How did the Federalist papers try to assure the Americans about the new constitution?

It stated that the national government would not overpower the states.

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