26 terms

Constitution Notecards 1-26

Chapter 4 Notecards
What is suffrage?
The right to vote
What was our country's first constitution?
The Articles of Confederation
What is ratification?
Official approval
What movements influenced ideas for Amercia's government?
The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening
What documents influenced ideas for America's government?
Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and the Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
Why did we need a new constitution?
The Articles of Confederation did not give the government enough power.
What is a tariff?
A tax on imports or exports
How many branches are in our government and what are they?
3; judicial, legislative, executive
What is federalism?
A sharing of power between states and national government.
Who is responsible for proposing and passing laws?
Congress/ Legislative branch
What is the purpose of the checks and balances system?
Keeps any branch from becoming too powerful
What is a veto?
Executive (president) rejection of a bil
How can congress reverse a presidents decision?
With 2/3 majority vote over the president's veto
How can the judicial branch check the legislative branch?
By declaring laws unconstitutional
How can an executive branch override a new law created by the legislative branch?
The president can veto the law
How many senators does each state get?
How many representatives does each state gets?
Depends on the # of people in the state
Who served as presidnet of the Constitutional Convention?
George Washington
How did the Great Compromise combine elements from the Virginia and New Jersey plan?
It created a bicameral/ two house legislature
When did the constitution officially go into affect?
June 1788
What is an amendment?
An official change
A proposed amendment much have what kind of agreement/vote?
Approved by 2/3 majority of congress (the senate and House of Representatives
An amendment must be ratified by what kind of agreement/vote?
3/4 of the state legislatures
What is the Bill of Rights?
The first 10 amendments of the constitution
What rights do the Bill of Rights protect?
Citizen's rights
How did the Federalist papers try to assure the Americans about the new constitution?
It stated that the national government would not overpower the states.