26 terms

"Chapter 4" U.S. Constitution Notecards

Key Terms, People, Documents, and Events
What is suffrage?
The right to vote!
What was our country's first constitution?
The Articles of Confederation!
What is ratification?
Official approval!
What movements influenced ideas for America's government?
The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening!
What documents influenced ideas for America's government?
The Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and Virginia's Statute for Religious Freedom!
Why did we need a constitution?
The Articles of Confederation didn't give the central government enough power!
What is a tariff?
A tax on imports or exports!
How many branches are in our government and what are they?
There are 3- Executive, Judicial, and Legislative!
What is federalism?
A sharing of power between the states and national government!
Who is responsible for proposing and passing laws?
The Congress/ Legislative branch!
What is the purpose of the Checks and Balances system?
It keeps any one branch of government from becoming too powerful!
What is a veto?
An Executive, or presidential, rejection of a bill!
How can Congress reverse a president's decision?
With a 2/3 majority vote over the president's veto!
How can the Judicial branch check the Legislative branch?
By declaring laws unconstitutional!
How can the Executive branch override a new law created by the Legislative branch?
The president can veto the law!
How many senators does each state get?
How many representatives does each state get?
It depends on the number of people in each state!
Who served as the president of the Constitutional Convention?
George Washington!
How did the Great Compromise combine elements of the Virginia and New Jersey plans?
It created a bicameral/ two-house legislature!
When did the Constitution officially go into effect?
JUNE 1788!
What is an amendment?
An official change!
A proposed amendment must have what kind of agreement/vote?
It must be approved by a 2/3 majority of Congress (the Senate and House of Representatives)!
An amendment must be ratified by what kind of agreement/vote?
It must be approved by 3/4 of the state legislature!
What is the Bill of Rights?
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution!
What rights do the Bill of Rights protect?
The rights of the people!
How did the Federalist Papers assure Americans about the new constitution?
It stated that the national government would not overpower the states!