5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Bartolome De Las Casas
- Poncho Villa
- Fidel Castro
- a they were the military dictators. they came to vulnerable countries and tried to be friends with military and help take over countries.
- b Born 1920, son of wealthy landowner
University student leads anti- government agitation
July 26, 1953 Castro leads attacks government army barracks
Seeks refuge in mountains and organized guerilla attacks
Feels like an outsider, resentful against wealthier students—extremely smart, knows from early on he's going to have a diff path than everybody else.
- c half Spanish half Indian) shut out of jobs—Indian's forced to pay tribute
- d A leader of peasant armies in the Mexican Revolution, one of the three main leaders with Francisco Madero and Emeliano Zapata. Was against Carranza, a constitutionalist backed by US support. Poncho felt betrayed by the US, and raided Columbia. US hunts for Poncho, never finds him.
- e Goes to Hispaniola in 1502 earns encomienda turns to evangelizing Indians. 1506- ordained deacon, then in 1512, 1st priest ordained in New World
Wrote a Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies (1542)
5 Multiple choice questions
- Zapotec Indian from tiny village when he moved to Oaxaca at 13 did not speak Spanish 1855 became Minister of Justice and issued series of reforms (called Ley Juarez) Responsible for constitution of 1857, became president in 1861
Had reforms in 1867 such as the education ? At end of 10 year reign people see him as a dictator?
- Creole priest, Rallied poor mestizos and Indians, Sept. 16 1810-Grito de Dolores- Poor fighter, couldn't control army—Wants to return land to Indians.
- Before Inca, Spanish encountered them. In the aztec society, there was one king who was a divine ruler. this person ruled over the whole aztec kingdom and was passed down by lineage. They were really big on human sacrifice and found it kinda fun. The people that lived in the kingdom would ever so often (u know just for fun) practice blood letting, by stabbing their ears and tounges, releasing large amounts of blood "in honor of they gods". Montezuma was a representation of a god. They were very learned in the subject of the galaxy and were better at math than Vasco.
- drives the Spanish out of Peru/Cuba
- The Olmec were a society in Latin America that lived from roughly 1400-500 BC. Historians do not know much about their civilization, however they did have temples and carved huge heads from stones, some that still exist to this day. They were based in the Yucatan, little further to the North.
5 True/False questions
encomienda system → system the Spanish set up in the Americas to control the people who lived here. Spain gave land to Conquistadors, who then enslaved native peoples and took Africans for slaves. They would own enormous tracts of land and would grow crops and raise domesticated animals there.
Fulgencio Batista → 1933 Batista takes power (with US support)
Rules on own or behind puppet presidents takes over as dictator in 1952,
Refuses elections, represses opposition
Very close ties to US
Bay of Pigs → Failed black ops attempt by the CIA to take over Cuba from Castro in response to him declaring Marxist in 1961. Happens April same year. Idea to take Cuban exiles, train them, invade Cuba, and get revolution going. Fails, troops die, Castro knew they were coming, and Kennedy pinned, though he didn't want to be. Then the Cuban missile crisis happened in 1962.
corridos → half Spanish half Indian) shut out of jobs—Indian's forced to pay tribute
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo → The US demanded and got the northen half of Mexico, which included, Utah, California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Texas