5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hernan Cortes- (Spanish)
- encomienda system
- a (European descent but born in America) Spanish born in Mexico, above the Mestizos (half Spanish half native American), but under the Penninsularies (Full bred Spanish born in Spain).
- b Spanish encountered them. They were in Peru. Not exactly and ancient civilization, and didn't last very long either. It was founded in 1438 by Pachacuti. His tactic to make the Incas so large was to ask neighboring villages to become part of his empire and strengthen it, eventually it was really super dooper big. like really big,,,, scary big :/. They are well known for their legendary road network that spanned thousands of miles and can still be used to this day. their native language was Quechua. The Inca was a theocratic empire, that is the rulers were religious and had divine rule. Because of this, the royal family inter married, thus a lot of "mentally impaired" (retards) were emperors and screwed up the empire.
- c system the Spanish set up in the Americas to control the people who lived here. Spain gave land to Conquistadors, who then enslaved native peoples and took Africans for slaves. They would own enormous tracts of land and would grow crops and raise domesticated animals there.
- d Cortez conquers the Aztecs in 1521; first complex civilization falls to Spanish when Hernan Cortez takes control of Tenochtitlan helped win bc of steel swords and guns
1520= Aztecs strike back obstacles- enormous distance and rudimentary means of communication 10,000 people killed when Cortez invited to religious ceremony
Small pox killed many in the downfall of the city
- e Before Inca, Spanish encountered them. In the aztec society, there was one king who was a divine ruler. this person ruled over the whole aztec kingdom and was passed down by lineage. They were really big on human sacrifice and found it kinda fun. The people that lived in the kingdom would ever so often (u know just for fun) practice blood letting, by stabbing their ears and tounges, releasing large amounts of blood "in honor of they gods". Montezuma was a representation of a god. They were very learned in the subject of the galaxy and were better at math than Vasco.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Full bred Spanish born in Spain, richest persons in Mexico and in charge
- A doctrine thought up by Monroe and published by the US. It stated that the US had authority in Latin America, basically telling the Spanish to get out, and to not try to re-gain dominance in that part of the world.
- but it was a plan the made both the Pennisularies and the Creoles equal, this also include the stop of property confiscations of the two. this plan got widespread favor althow it completly ignored the lower classes ALSO, when Iturbide said Mexico would be a constitutional monarchy with a Bourbon king, but ended up being emperor himself
- The US demanded and got the northen half of Mexico, which included, Utah, California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Texas
- Born 1920, son of wealthy landowner
University student leads anti- government agitation
July 26, 1953 Castro leads attacks government army barracks
Seeks refuge in mountains and organized guerilla attacks
Feels like an outsider, resentful against wealthier students—extremely smart, knows from early on he's going to have a diff path than everybody else.
5 True/False questions
Bartolome De Las Casas → Goes to Hispaniola in 1502 earns encomienda turns to evangelizing Indians. 1506- ordained deacon, then in 1512, 1st priest ordained in New World
Wrote a Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies (1542)
Tenochtitlan → A leader of peasant armies in the Mexican Revolution, one of the three main leaders with Francisco Madero and Emeliano Zapata. Was against Carranza, a constitutionalist backed by US support. Poncho felt betrayed by the US, and raided Columbia. US hunts for Poncho, never finds him.
Columbian exchange → Europeans and the Spanish (old world) brought things like religions, ideas, people, plants, diseases and animals to the Americas, this blended the old and new world.
Pizarro → Survived from 1471-1541. Was a militarist stationed around the equator. With only 80 soldiers, he goes to the Inca empire and takes the emperor (atahualpa) prisoner, gets a "room full of gold" and kills atahualpa. Basically he humiliated the Inca.
corridos → they were the military dictators. they came to vulnerable countries and tried to be friends with military and help take over countries.