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33 terms

Science Chapter 8

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Cod
fish that is caught for its meat and for the oil in its liver, which is high in vitamins A & D
Salmon
unique fish that leaves the ocean and returns to the stream where it was born to lay its eggs
Manta Ray
has huge winglike fins which make it appear to fly through the water
Whale Shark
the largest fish of all
Grenadiers, viper fish
are strange because of their huge mouths and sharp teeth
White Shark
this fish is a man-eater
Blue Whale
largest animal that has ever lived
Sperm Whale
hunted for its oil and ambergris
Octopus
invertebrate that has the largest brain and is thought to be the most intelligent
Gills
fish use these to get oxygen from the water
Continental Shelf
contains flourishing plant life
Continental Shelf
is along the edges of the continents
Continental Shelf
Made primarily of mud and sand deposited by rivers
Continental Shelf
contains most of the fish that are caught to be sold for food
Continental Shelf
contains rich oil fields
Sand
produced by churning waves making minerals and rocks into particles
Salt
sea water is denser than fresh water because it contains
Oceanography
the scientific study of the sea or ocean
Pacific Ocean
Ocean where the Mariana Trench is located
Wind
waves are caused by this
28.5°F
sea water freezes at this temperature
Mammals
Blue Whale, Dolphin, Porpoise
Fish
salmon, tuna, white shark
Invertebrates
jellyfish, octopus, sponge, oyster
Ocean Floor
the bottom of the ocean
Ocean Floor
contains long mountain ranges called oceanic ridges
Ocean Floor
contains underwater volcanoes
Continental Slope
has deep trenches at its base
Ocean Currents
are moved primarily by the wind
Matthew Maury
he made important discoveries about the "paths of the seas"
Ocean Currents
carry warm and cold water
Gulf Stream Current
allows the people of England to enjoy a moderate climate
Knowledge of Ocean Currents
helps make sea travel quicker