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21 terms

Cell organelles X

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Cytosol
Fluid like substance that surrounds organelles in cell
Prokaryote
DNA not in a nucleus, no organelles, simple structure
Eukaryote
DNA in the nucleus, organelles, more complex structure
Cytoplasm
Interior of the cell
Plasma Membrane
Functions as a selective barrier to allow only certain things in and out of cell
Nucleus
Contains genetic material for the cell
Chromosomes
Structures with genetic information (DNA organized into this)
Nucleolus
Responsible for make the ribosomes in the cell
Ribosomes
Build protein
Vesicle
Sacs made of membrane that serve as packages
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Responsible for lipid synthesis, and to detoxify drugs and poison
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Responsible for building proteins for secretion (ribosomes attached on surface)
Golgi Apparatus
Center for modification, sorting, and shipping
Lysosome
Contains enzymes and is responsible for digestion and recycling organic material in cells
Vacuole
Storage of water and waste (much larger in a plant)
Mitochondria
Site of cellular respiration, generate ATP (energy currency of cell)
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis, take light from sun to create glucose
Cytoskeleton
Provides mechanical support to maintain cell shape, also serves as tracks for vesicle transport
Centriole
Composed of microtubles and involved in cell division
Cilia and Flagella
Extensions containing microtubules that are involved in movement
Cell Wall
In plants only, helps to maintain shape and prevent excessive intake of water