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77 terms

H&W - Exam 2

STUDY
PLAY
stress
a person's collective psychobiological response to challenging situations, such as those which are tiring, threatening, exciting, or new.
stressor
situation, event, or factor that causes a stress response. disrupt homeostasis
distress
negative stress, depletes energy and results in impaired performance
eustress
positive stress, motivates and improves performance
general adaptation system
body's response to stress is in 3 stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
fight-or-flight response
acute stres response in which the autonomic nervous system(and neuroendocrine and voluntary nervous systems help) triggers a set of physiological changes that ready the body for action. (alarm stage)
transactional model of stress and coping
stress is a transactional (person-environment) phenomenon dependent of the meaning of the strssor to the perceiver. impacto f external strssor is first mediated by the person's appraisal of the strssor and then by the social and cultural resources at his/her disposal
type A behavior
excessive competitiveness, time-urgency, hostility
hostility
primary trait that puts people at risk for development of heart disease and other stress-related diseases
status syndrome
effectof social position on a person's quality of life and longevity beyond that accountedfor by education and income. Risk for stress-related health problems are mediated through the opportunity for or lack of individual autonomy and social participation
tend-and-befriend response
behavior patter of protecting and caring for offspring and seeking social support exhibited by humans when under threat
time management
prioritization, scheduling, andexecution of responsibilities to one's personal satisfaction
locus of control
psychological concept referringto a person's beliefs about the underlying causes of events in his or her life
internal control
outcomes are contingent on their actions, in control of their own life
external control
outcomes are determined by events or forces outside of personal control- fate, luck, etc
mental health
successful performance of mental functions resulting in productive activities
psychosomatic
influence of the mind on the way the body functions
motivation
state of being energized to perform a task
self-concept
stable set of beliefs about one's qualities and attributes
self-esteem
how one feels, good or bad, about one's qualities and attributes
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, excessive thinness, and a distorted body image
bulimia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by binge eating and compensatory methods to rid the body of food
binge eating disorder
characterized by excessive overeating
anxiety
excessive worry and concern
generalized anxiety disorder
constant and uncontrollable worry or concern about everything
posttraumatic stress disorder
occurs after experiencing a frightening event in which physical harm may have occurred
panic disorder
sudden, overwhelming attacks of fear
phobia
fear of specific object or event
obessive-compulsive disorder
repetition of an act over and over again as a response to unwanted thoughts
depression
characterized by feelings of worthlessness, indecisiveness, guilt, sadness, and apprehension
mania
characterized by an extremely elevated mood and subsequent hyperactive behaviors
dysthymia
form of depression that has long-term but less severe effects than major depression
bipolar disorder
swings between mania and depression
seasonal affective disorder
when symptoms of depression are experienced during a specific season of the year
paranoid personality disorder
characterized by excesisve distrust and suspicion of others
schizophrenia
severe mental disorder thatinvolves distortedthoughts and perceptions, atypical communications, inappropriate emotion, and abnormal motor behavior. (paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual)
social readjustment rating scale
tool used to quantify the amount of stress a person is experiencing and the corresponding incresed risk forstress related illness, developed by Rahe and Holmes
narcolepsy
daytime sleep attacks
transactional model of stress and coping
model in which stressful experiences are seen as person environment interactions
resistance
stage when body mobilizes energy, body is vulnerable, attempt to adapt to stressor and regain homeostasis
exhaustion
stage when stressor overcomes body's capacity to adapt, leads to illness, exhaustion, and even death.
alarm
stage when stress hormones are released
behavior
how someone acts
assertiveness
being very open and honest about declaring your rights
aggressiveness
forceful behavior with intention to dominate
sensitivity group
group therapy technique that uses strategies to promote self-awareness and build trust in others
feminist psychotherapy
focuses on roles of society and discrimination in daily life
gestalt therapy
therapy that employs role-playing and confrontation
person-centered therapy
warm supportive environment in which people feel accepted and can reveal their true feelings
schizotypal disorder
socially isolated, exhibits bizarre behavior and beliefs about the world, and is suspicious of others
psychodrama
psychotherapy in which role playing stategies, including role reversal
psychodynamic therapy
freudian "insight" therapy that involves free association and dream analysis and can be focused on the unconscious and past experiences
existential
psychotherapy that emphasized free will and using it to develop insight and self understanding
biofeedback
psychotherapy technique that involves monitoring body functions to provide information to the client
implosive therapy
psychotherapy technique encourages clients to imagin and deal with their worst fears in a safe environment with a therapist
ego
conscious state of how we perceive ourselves
schizotypal
social isolation, suspicious of others, and bizarre behavior and beliefs about the world
humanistic therapy
type of psychotherapy that focuses on conscious thoughts and the present time as opposed to unconscious thoughts and past experiences
schizoid personality disorder
extreme detachment from social situations and limited emotions in interpersonal relations
simple behavior paradigm
theorizes that people display a behavior to meet a need, if the behavior achieves the goal then you get relief
aversive conditioning
client experiences unpleasant stimuli after behaving undesirably
behavior therapy
principles of social leraning are used to assist people in forming accurate perceptions of their feelings and themselves
cognititve therapy
client is taught ot understand the irrationality of his or her thoughts or behaviors
encounter groups
confrontational strategies are used to allow members to express true feelings
existential therapy
emphasis is placed on free will and using the freee will to develop insight and self-understanding
family therapy
group therapy directed at families
feminist hterapy
focuses on role of society and thae role of discrimination in daily life
flooding therapy
client is placed in a real situation that he or she fears, normally accompanied by a therapist
modeling
client watchs another person perform the feared behavior and copies the behavior
person-centered therapy
warm, supportive environment created where a person feels acepted and can reveal true feelings
psychodrama
role playing strategies are used including role-reversal
self-help groups
support groups that assist peopel in displaying behaviors to reduce risk of recitivism to a previous problem behavior
sensitivity groups
strategies are used to promote self-awareness and trust of others
systematic desensitization
principles of relaxation and visualization are used
token economy
tokens are given as rewards for behavior in an effort to shape the behavior
ex of psychosomatic illness
back/chest pain, insomnia, weight loss
electroconvulsive therapy
procedure in which electrodes administer shocks to the patient, who experiencesa a seizure and then lapses into unconsciousness