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a person's collective psychobiological response to challenging situations, such as those which are tiring, threatening, exciting, or new.
general adaptation system
body's response to stress is in 3 stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
acute stres response in which the autonomic nervous system(and neuroendocrine and voluntary nervous systems help) triggers a set of physiological changes that ready the body for action. (alarm stage)
transactional model of stress and coping
stress is a transactional (person-environment) phenomenon dependent of the meaning of the strssor to the perceiver. impacto f external strssor is first mediated by the person's appraisal of the strssor and then by the social and cultural resources at his/her disposal
primary trait that puts people at risk for development of heart disease and other stress-related diseases
effectof social position on a person's quality of life and longevity beyond that accountedfor by education and income. Risk for stress-related health problems are mediated through the opportunity for or lack of individual autonomy and social participation
behavior patter of protecting and caring for offspring and seeking social support exhibited by humans when under threat
prioritization, scheduling, andexecution of responsibilities to one's personal satisfaction
locus of control
psychological concept referringto a person's beliefs about the underlying causes of events in his or her life
outcomes are determined by events or forces outside of personal control- fate, luck, etc
eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, excessive thinness, and a distorted body image
eating disorder characterized by binge eating and compensatory methods to rid the body of food
posttraumatic stress disorder
occurs after experiencing a frightening event in which physical harm may have occurred
repetition of an act over and over again as a response to unwanted thoughts
characterized by feelings of worthlessness, indecisiveness, guilt, sadness, and apprehension
seasonal affective disorder
when symptoms of depression are experienced during a specific season of the year
severe mental disorder thatinvolves distortedthoughts and perceptions, atypical communications, inappropriate emotion, and abnormal motor behavior. (paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual)
social readjustment rating scale
tool used to quantify the amount of stress a person is experiencing and the corresponding incresed risk forstress related illness, developed by Rahe and Holmes
transactional model of stress and coping
model in which stressful experiences are seen as person environment interactions
stage when body mobilizes energy, body is vulnerable, attempt to adapt to stressor and regain homeostasis
stage when stressor overcomes body's capacity to adapt, leads to illness, exhaustion, and even death.
group therapy technique that uses strategies to promote self-awareness and build trust in others
warm supportive environment in which people feel accepted and can reveal their true feelings
socially isolated, exhibits bizarre behavior and beliefs about the world, and is suspicious of others
freudian "insight" therapy that involves free association and dream analysis and can be focused on the unconscious and past experiences
psychotherapy that emphasized free will and using it to develop insight and self understanding
psychotherapy technique that involves monitoring body functions to provide information to the client
psychotherapy technique encourages clients to imagin and deal with their worst fears in a safe environment with a therapist
social isolation, suspicious of others, and bizarre behavior and beliefs about the world
type of psychotherapy that focuses on conscious thoughts and the present time as opposed to unconscious thoughts and past experiences
schizoid personality disorder
extreme detachment from social situations and limited emotions in interpersonal relations
simple behavior paradigm
theorizes that people display a behavior to meet a need, if the behavior achieves the goal then you get relief
principles of social leraning are used to assist people in forming accurate perceptions of their feelings and themselves
client is taught ot understand the irrationality of his or her thoughts or behaviors
emphasis is placed on free will and using the freee will to develop insight and self-understanding
client is placed in a real situation that he or she fears, normally accompanied by a therapist
warm, supportive environment created where a person feels acepted and can reveal true feelings
support groups that assist peopel in displaying behaviors to reduce risk of recitivism to a previous problem behavior
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