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41 terms

PSYC 2000 Lesson 15

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behavioral medicine
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
health psychology
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
stress
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
general adaptation syndrome
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages -- alarm, resistance, exhaustion
coronary heart disease
the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
Type B
Friedman and Rosenman's terms for easygoing, relaxed people
psychophysiological illness
literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches
hypochondriasis
misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of disease
lymphocytes
the 2 types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system
B lymphocytes
form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections
T lymphocytes
form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances
coping
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
problem-focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress directly - by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor
emotion-focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
biofeedback
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension
memory
prolonged stress due to sustained military combat is associated with a decrease in the size of a brain structure vital to
increase; decrease
when an organism's weight falls below its set point, the organism is likely to experience a(n) __ in hunger and a(n) __ in its metabolic rate
lymphocytes
are white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system
general adaptation syndrome
describes stages in the body's response to prolonged stress
Type A
Philip, a competitive, hard-driving corporate president is the best example of what type of personality?
serotonin
the best way to increase the production of __ is to engage in aerobic exercise
immune system
the macrophage and lymphocytes are major agents of the
epinephrine and norepinephrine
In the 1920s, Walter Cannon discovered that stress produced an outpouring of __ into the bloodstream
aerobic exercise
has been closely linked to a decrease in depression
sympathetic
as you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the __ NS
smoking
most likely to cause a premature death
more; less
compared to their counterparts of forty years, today's average American woman weight __ and today's average Miss America contestant weighs __
bottle up; express
cancer patients who __ their negative emotions have less chance of survival than those who are able to __ them
alarm reaction, resistance, exhaustion
the three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are
suppress; heightens
stress hormones __ the production of lymphocytes, which is why stress __ vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections
stress
the process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challenges
health psychology
a subfield of psychology that provide a psychological contribution to behavioral medicine
burnout
physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress
psychophysiological illness
a mind-body illness
coronary heart disease
the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart
aerobic exercise
increases heart and lung fitness
general adaptation syndrome
GAS
behavioral medicine
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge
biofeedback
a system of feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state