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classical roots 3 and 4

STUDY
PLAY
arkhein
to begin, to be first
arkhos
ruler, first in rank
archetype
an original model or type fro which similar forms are copied
archipelago
a group of many islands or the sea containing them
tupos
mold, model
pelagos
sea
archive
the collected records of an organization, institution, or public person
anarchy
absence of any form of government or political authority, lawlessness
disorder and confusion
an
without
oligarchy
government by the few, especially a faction of persons or families
oligos
few
demos
people
demagogue
a leader or agitator who appeals to people's passions and prejudices rather than to their reason
apogos
leading
demographer
one who studies the characteristics of populations and analyzes data such as numbers, births, deaths, diseases, and other vital statistics
graphein
to write
endemic
commonly found in a particular region or among a particular people
pandemic
spread throughout a wide geographic area; worldwide
en
in
grex, gregis
flock, heard, crowd
gregarious
liking companionship; sociable
tending ti kuvei r nive ub griyos if ibe;s iwb jubd
aggregation
a large or collection of people, animals, or things
ag = ad
to or toward
egregious
extraordinarily bad; flagrant
e = es
from, out of
eikon
likeness, image
icon
an image, representation, or symbol
a representation or picture of a sacred personage or event, traditionally painted on wooden panels in the manner of Eastern Orthodox churches
iconoclastic
breaking or destroying images
attacking or overthrowing tradition or popular ideas, institutions, or conventions
klasis
fracture
LESSON 4

duco, ducere, duxi, ductum
to lead
induce
to persuade; to influence
to cause, to bring about
con = cum
with
in
in
traduce
to slander; to speak falsely or maliciously of
tra = trans
across
redoubt
a small fort defending an important point
a place of refuge or defense
re
back, again
hegaisthai
to lead
hegemony
dominance, especially of one political body over another
exegesis
a thorough explanation of interpretation, especially of a sacred text
ex
from, out of
nuncio, nunniare, nunciavi, nunciatum
to announce
annunciation
an announcement; a proclamation
in christian thought, the announcement the angel gabriel to mary that she would give birth to the son of God
an = ad
to, toward
renunciation
an action or statement in which something is given up, rejected, abandoned, or sacrificed
polis
city
politikos
citizen
polity
an organized society, such as a nation, state, church or other organization, having a specific form of government
politic
wise, prudent, sagacious
expedient; taking advantage of the moment; shrewd
possum, posse, potui
to be able, to have power
potentate
monarch; a ruler possessing great power
puissant
mighty; powerful; forceful
rex, regis
king
realia
emblems and symbols of royalty, rank, office, or institution
finery; elaborate attire
regency
the office or period of office of a regent; one who administers for a monarch, especially in England and in France
viceroy
a governor or ruler exercising authority on behalf of a sovereign in a providence or colony
vice = uice
in place of