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abdominal Ultrasound (thyroid)
Terms in this set (51)
• Branchial cleft cyst location?
supero-lateral to the thyroid
Thyroglossal duct cyst location?
midline superior to the thyroid
Parathyroid gland mass Location?
Usually small and inferior on the thyroid
in the thyroid ___ nodules may grow across tissue planes vs. __ nodules which grow parallel to normal tissue planes
____ carcinoma can also have a cystic component
Generally hyperechoic masses are ___, usually ___ tumors are hypoechoic or isoechoic.
A macro-calcification was found in a nodule is this most likely a benign or malignant tumor?
can be a good indicator of benign nodule
Vascularity is usually reliable as an indicator of malignant vs. benign nodules. (T/F)
The thyroid is the largest endocrine gland.(T/F)
The thyroid controls how quickly the body burns energy, makes proteins and how sensitive the body should be to other hormones. (T/F)
pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland and adrenals are the main exocrine glands.. (T.F)
False, endocrine glands
metaboliam of ___ is used for producing thyroid hormones.
What hormone is produced to stimulate the realease of thyroid hormones?
TSH, (thyroid stimulating hormone)
what are the 3 thyroid hormones?
calcitonin, t-3 and t-4
What is the function of calcitonin?
to maintain the homeostasis of blood calcium. (negative feedback)
The term for a normal functioning thyroid?
The __ unites the lower 1/3 of the lobes
The pyramidal lobe is most often found where?
at the isthmus, or left lobe
The isthmus is usually __ the cricoid cartilage.
What muscle made up the strap muscles?
sternohyoid, sternothyroid, and omohyoid
how many arteries feed the thyroid?
how many veins drain the thyroid?
____ thyroid arteries arise from thyrocervical trunk of subclavian artery & ascend to ___.
inferior, lower pole
where do the superior thyroid arteries descend from?
the external carotids
superior and middle thyroid vein drain into the ___
the inferior thyroid vein drains into the__.
A pt presents with a thyroid length of 8 cm is the normal? gland enlargement is associated with what disorder?
no 4-6 cm, hyperthyroidism
The isthmus is typically how thick (AP)?
what organ is "calcium- sensing"?
Normal parathyroid glands work like the thermostat in your home to keep blood calcium levels in a very tightly controlled range.
overactive ___ can cause osteoporosis and kidney stone.
When the blood calcium level is too low, is released to bring the calcium level back up to normal.
hypercalcemia is related to what disease?
Symptoms for ___ may include: thick or protruding tongue, coarse facial structure, short stature, puffy eyes, dry, brittle hair, short, thick neck, short fingers, reduced muscle tone.
This is the most common functional abnormality of the thyroid.
hyperactivity of the thyroid can cause what dangerous condition?
thyrotoxicosis left untreated can lead to ___.
a thyroid storm.. can be fatal
Most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism is___.
what disease is a autoimmune disease of the thyroid?
Hoshimoto disease is a ___ disease which cause the thyroid to be ___-active.
True cysts are commonly seen in the thyroid. (T/F)
___ disease is caused by a viral disease.
most common congenital neck mass is a ____.
thyroglossal duct cyst
Many malignant nodules are
Microcalcifications makes one suspicious of malignancy. (T/F)
microcalcifications are < or equal to __.
hyperthyroidism is to ____ disease, as hypothyroidism is to ____ disease.
diffused increased iodine uptake is most likely what condition?
A focal hot spot is at an increased risk to be malignant. (T/F)
Most aggressive thyroid cancer?
Most common thyroid cancer?
This set is often in folders with...
ARDMS Abdomen UltraPASS review (Biliary tree)
ARDMS Abdomen UltraPASS Review (Pancreas)
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