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Type 1 diabetes

Also known as juvenile diabetes. Results from an autoimmune destruction of insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Lack of insulin leads to increase blood and urine glucose. Managed by taking insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

Adult unset diabetes. A metabolic disorder where there is a high blood glucose level due to insulin resistant cells. Managed by increased exercise and diet modifications.


Abnormally low level of blood glucose.


High blood glucose levels.


Any disease of the kidney.


Pathology of the nervous system.


Non-inflammatory degenerative disease of the retina.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

(DKA) Life threatening condition caused by a state of insulin deficiency, characterized by hyperglycemia, ketonemia, metabolic acidosis, and electrolyte depletion. Often a sign of type 1 diabetes.


an excess of ketone bodies in the blood.

metabolic acidosis

Condition that occurs when the body produces too much acid or the kidneys are not removing enough acid.

electrolyte depletion

electrically charged minerals that help the body run (action potentials).

Diabetic foot

A person who has diabetes is an increased risk for slow healing of injuries to distal extremities. Caused by decrease circulation which can result in limb amputation if injury is not properly taken care of.


Increased frequent urination.


Excess thirst.


Extreme hunger.

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