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Avoiding logical fallacies
Terms in this set (12)
A conclusion based on insufficient or unrepresentative evidence.
A conclusion that does not follow logically from preceding statements or that is based on irrelevant date
A comparison in which one assumes that because two things are alike in one respect, they must be alike in others.
Either or fallacy
The suggestion that only two alternatives exist when in fact there are more
The assumption that because one event follow another, the first is the cause of the second.
An argument that does not supply evidence but simply restates the point differently
A claim that an idea is true because a large number of people believe it is true
Ad hominem argument
An attack on the person proposing an argument instead of the argument itself.
An argument that focuses on irrelevant issues to distract attention from the real issue
Words with strong positive or negative connotations
After this, therefore because of this A occurs before B therefore A is the cause of B. False claim.
For the particular end or case at hand w/o consideration of the wider application faulty explanation used to save a faulty hypothesis.avoiding
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