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Chemical Hazards and Controls for Rehabilitation Professionals
Hierarchy of Controls.
What is the term used to describe the different levels of controls and their relative effectiveness?
Skin dryness and product is flammable
What is the hazard associated with alcohol hand sanitizers?
Eye, skin and respiratory irritation; some may be sensitizers.
What is the hazard associated with low level disinfectants?
Substitution with less toxic option; good ventilation; automatic diluting machines
What engineering controls can be used to control exposure to low level disinfectants?
Irritant contact dermatitis, allergic reactions
What is the hazard associated with latex?
Mild to severe inhalation reactions
What are the hazards associated with personal care products that are scented?
Substitution with less toxic product; Good ventilation
What engineering controls can be used to reduce exposure to cold sterilants used in whirlpool tubs or equipment?
Elimination of mercury-containing equipment; enclose sources
What engineering control can be used to reduce exposure to mercury through broken devices?
Good general ventilation; automatic diluting machines
What engineering controls can be used to control exposure to disinfecting and cleaning agents?
Local exhaust ventilation and dust collection systems
What engineering control can be used to reduce exposure to wood dust?
Cleaning when less staff are present; worker education
What administrative control can be used to reduce to pool cleaning chemicals?
Purchase in ready-to-use concentrations; WHMIS program, including worker education
What administrative controls can be used to reduce exposure to disinfecting and cleaning agents?
Scent-free policies; worker education; purchase of non-scented products
What administrative controls can be used to reduce exposure to scented products?
Chemical-resistant gloves, eye protection, face protection, chemical resistant clothing and respirators, depending upon the nature and quantity of chemical used
What PPE should be used when working with toxic chemicals?
Hydrogen-peroxide based cleaners
What chemical can be used instead of chlorine-based cleaners?
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
What does WHMIS stand for?
Material Safety Data Sheets, Labels and Training
What are the three required components of WHMIS?
Eyewashes, drench hoses, showers, fire extinguishers, spill kits
What emergency response equipment is necessary for those working with chemicals?
True or false? It is sometimes a good practice to modify work for those who may be medically vulnerable to the effects of chemical hazards (those who are pregnant, with allergies, etc.)
Nature and concentration of chemical, amount of exposure time, dexterity needed, extent of protection needed, decontamination and disposal requirements
What are the factors to consider in choosing gloves to work with chemicals?
What PPE should be worn to protect the eyes when disinfecting whirlpool tubs?
Level of protection required. Comfort, secure fit that doesn't compromise visibility, ease of cleaning and disinfection, durability, compatibility with prescription glasses or other PPE
What factors should be taken into account when choosing eye protection?