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Terms in this set (80)
Land, mineral, and air rights in the land are included in the definition of
Which of these is an example of an economic characteristic of land?
Another word for uniqueness is
All of these are included in the bundle of rights EXCEPT
Owners with littoral rights enjoy
unrestricted use of available waters, but they own the land adjacent to the water only up to the average high-water mark.
Growing trees, fences, and buildings are all considered
Growing trees, fences, and buildings are all considered
The most important economic characteristic of land is
A tenant farmer built a chicken coop and a tool shed. These buildings belong to the
The developer added sewer lines and utilities and built two streets. What are these items called?
A new owner received the right to use a parking space in the multi-unit building where she purchased a condominium. This right is an example of
Methods of annexation, adaptation, and agreement are the legal tests for determining whether an item is
real property or personal property.
After suffering through a tornado and then flooding from the river, the buildings were gone. The land was still there. This is an example of
A seller asked a real estate professional to draw up several documents relating to seller financing. Under these circumstances, the real estate professional should
refer the seller to an attorney.
A man particularly liked the ornate brass lighting fixtures in a woman's house and immediately made an offer, which the woman accepted. On moving day, the man discovered that the woman had replaced all the ornate brass lighting fixtures with plain steel ones. Which of these is MOST likely a correct assumption?
Man: "Lighting fixtures are normally considered to be real property."
A farmer has posted a number of "No Trespassing" and "No Hunting" signs on his property. Which "stick" in the bundle of rights gives the farmer this authority?
A right or privilege tied to real property, although not necessarily part of the property, is called a(n)
An important characteristic of personal property is that it is
Mobile home, rather than manufactured housing, is the term used for a factory-built home that was built before
To determine whether an item is a fixture, the MOST important test is whether the
person who installed it intended for it to be permanent.
A woman planted a rose bush on her property and plans to dig it up and take it with her when her house is sold. The sales contract explicitly excludes the rose bush from the sale. This provision is necessary because the rose bush is considered to be
Which of these laws extended housing discrimination protections to families with children and persons with disabilities?
Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988
The Fair Housing Act is administered by the
Department of Housing and Urban Development.
The Fair Housing Act does NOT prohibit discrimination on the basis of
Which of these are exempt from the federal Fair Housing Act?
Owner-occupied buildings with no more than four units
Real estate professionals may have a legal obligation to comply with the ADA because they
may be employers.
A real estate broker sends a bright yellow flyer to all the homeowners in a neighborhood. The flyer contains a reprinted article from a local newspaper describing the future relocation plans of various employers in the region and this statement, printed in bold red letters: "Warning! The failure to sell your property within the next six months could cost you a bundle!" At the bottom of the page was printed the broker's name, photo, office address, and phone number. Based on these facts, the broker
has committed no offense.
A newspaper advertisement states, "One-bedroom apartment immediately available. Good neighborhood. Only able-bodied individuals should apply." Which of these is TRUE?
The ad is not permitted under HUD's advertising guidelines because it discriminates on the basis of disability.
Under what conditions can someone refuse to rent to an African-American on the basis of race?
Under the Fair Housing Act, what is HUD's first action on receiving a complaint of illegal discrimination?
Investigates for reasonable cause to bring a charge
One of the provisions of the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 is
a change that made the penalties for violations more severe, and it also added additional damages.
Under the Civil Rights Act of 1968, what is the time limit to file a housing discrimination complaint with HUD?
Complaints of discriminatory housing practices filed with HUD will be referred to a local enforcement agency if
the state or municipal law is substantially equivalent to the federal law.
In the context of a dispute before HUD, the term conciliation is BEST defined as the
All of these people are considered members of protected classes EXCEPT
a person convicted of the manufacture or distribution of illegal drugs.
A homeowner decides to rent a spare bedroom in her single-family house to a tenant for $50 per month. When a 24-year-old man asks to see the room, the homeowner refuses, telling him that she will only rent to women over the age of 50. The prospective tenant threatens to sue for a violation of the Fair Housing Act on the basis of age. Should the homeowner be concerned?
No, because the rental of rooms in an owner-occupied single-family home is exempt from the Fair Housing Act.
A seller tells a real estate professional "don't show my house to anybody not born in the United States." In this circumstance, the professional
must decline to take the listing with this requirement.
A neighborhood has a large Asian population. When a Chinese couple came to a broker to look for a home to buy, he suggested they look at listings only in this neighborhood. The broker violated the Fair Housing Act because his actions constitute
A woman met with a landlord to view a two bedroom apartment. She has two children and is also pregnant. The landlord told her that the rules of the building allow only two children per two-bedroom apartment, so he cannot rent to her. Is this a violation of the Fair Housing Act?
Yes, indicating a preference for a certain number of children as occupants is illegal discrimination on the basis of familial status.
A landlord rented an apartment to a person with a wheelchair. He allowed the tenant to install bath rails and replace the bathroom sink vanity with a pedestal sink with lever faucet handles. However, the landlord required the tenant to sign a restoration agreement that the accommodations would be restored to the former condition at the end of the lease because the vanity provided desirable storage space in the bathroom. In addition, he required the tenant to pay sufficient funds (over a period of time) into an escrow account to restore the bathroom. Has the landlord violated the Fair Housing Act?
An occupancy requirement is exempt from familial status protection under the Fair Housing Act if the housing is intended to be occupied by
persons 62 years of age or older.
For fair housing purposes, what is the definition of the term disability?
An impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities
A landlord refuses to rent a vacant apartment to a couple with two small children because he is concerned the children will disturb the sick and elderly woman in the apartment next door. Which of these is most likely TRUE?
The refusal constitutes a violation of the Fair Housing Act because it discriminates on the basis of familial status.
The provisions of the ADA apply to any employer with at least
15 or more employees.
What is one negative result of redlining?
It is often a major contributor to the deterioration of older neighborhoods.
The resolution of a fair housing complaint by obtaining assurance that the respondent will remedy the violation is called
An elderly man left the family home to his second wife with the provision that when she dies, the home goes to a son by his first wife. The second wife owns a bundle of rights but does not own the right to
will the property.
Every workday for the past 20 years, a woman has parked her car in a specific place in the nearby parking garage. Today, she receives a notice that the garage will be replaced by an office building. Can they do this to her after all the years she parked there?
Yes, because she only had a license.
A man conveyed a one-acre parcel of land to a preschool. In the deed, the man stated that the property was to be used only as a playground; the man reserved a right of reentry. What kind of estate has the man granted?
Yes, because she only had a license.Fee simple subject to a condition subsequent
A man files a notice in the public record of pending litigation affecting the title to a property. This notice reflects which of these?
A lis pendens
A property owner gave land to a school "so long as the land is used for only academic and recreational purposes." The ownership interest granted here is called
a fee simple determinable.
If the government acquires privately owned real estate through a condemnation suit, it is exercising its power of
A man owned two acres of land. He sold one acre to a woman and reserved an easement appurtenant for entrance and exit over her acre to reach the public road. The woman's land is
the servient tenement.
A man owns a large undeveloped parcel of land on the side of a hill. The property borders a road on the lower edge. The owner sells the lower portion of the property to a woman, and she builds a home on it. Several years later, the owner sells the upper-portion of the property to another man. This man's property does not border any road. For this man to gain access to the road, he must claim by implication of law an easement
If the dominant estate merges with the servient estate, which of these is TRUE?
The easement is terminated.
The homestead exemption in a town is $15,000. Four years ago, a man purchased a home for $58,000 and then experienced hard times. At a court-ordered sale, the man's property is purchased for $60,000. If the man has an outstanding mortgage balance of $35,000 and credit card debts amounting to $24,360, how much is protected by the homestead exemption?
In some states, a husband cannot sell his property unless his wife also signs the deed. The wife's interest is called
personal property rights.
The state's authority to enact legislation to protect the public is passed through to municipalities and counties through
The state requires enough land to build a four-lane highway. For the state to acquire the needed land, the state must do all of these EXCEPT
reimburse the property owner for the amount that the property owner paid for the land.
A woman died in a nursing home. She had outlived all of her heirs and had not written a will. What happens to her $250,000 estate?
It escheats to the state or county.
Which of these is defined as a claim, charge, or liability that attaches to real estate?
Which of these must exist for an appurtenant easement to exist?
Two adjacent parcels, different owners
What are deed restrictions?
Private agreements affecting the use of the land
The electric company has the right to extend its wires over 50 parcels of land. What right does the electric company have?
Easement in gross
For as long as anyone can remember, neighbor families have used a footpath to get to the river. Recently, the current owner erected a fence across the path. Which of these easements might the neighbors claim, which would require him to remove the fence?
Easement by prescription
The holder of a life estate is called
a life tenant.
Which of these cannot take title as a joint tenant with right of survivorship?
When two or more individuals decide to buy a property together, it results in a
Three brothers bought a farm together, and the deed listed only each of their names. What form of ownership are they presumed to have taken?
Tenancy in common
What form of ownership is employed when one person transfers ownership to someone else to hold and manage for a third person?
A man with two sons and a woman with two daughters are getting married, and they are buying a house together. They ask the real estate professional for advice about how to take title. What advice should the real estate professional offer?
Suggest that they consult with an attorney
A will provided that the local banker take care of the deceased person's estate until the children reach age 25. What kind of trust is this?
What kind of ownership do the horizontal property acts regulate?
Shareholders in a cooperative receive shares of stock that entitle them to a
Membership camping is similar to
In a large highrise condominium, each unit is owned by individual owners. The elevators, parking garage, and swimming pool are called
Two women own an apartment building together as joint tenants. They share equally in the expenses and profits. One day, one of the women decides to end the relationship. If she sells her interest to a man by signing and delivering a deed, which of these statements is TRUE?
The man and the remaining woman will be tenants in common.
Based on the facts in the previous question, if the property collapses, resulting in injury and property damage worth $275,000, what will be Mike's liability?
All of these unities are required for a joint tenancy EXCEPT
unity of ownership.
All of these are characteristics of a tenancy by the entirety EXCEPT
the surviving spouse automatically owns one-half of the property acquired during the marriage.
When a corporation takes complete ownership of a property, it is considered to be ownership in
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