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26 terms

US Constitution 1-26 (Dearborn) *Chapter 4*

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What is sufferage?
the right to vote
What was our country's first constitution?
Articles of Confederation
What is ratification?
official approval
What movement influenced ideas for the American government?
Enlightment and Great Awakening
What documents influenced ideas for America's government?
Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Virigina's Statue for Religious Freedom
Why did we need a new Constitution?
Articles of Confederation didn't give government enough power
What is a tariff?
tax on imports/exports
How many branches are in our government, and what are they?
3, judicial, legislative, executive
What is federalism?
sharing of power between states and national government
Who is responsible for proposing/passing laws?
Congress/Legislative branch
What is the purpose of checks and balances system?
Keeps any branch of the government from becoming too powerful
What is a veto?
execute's (president) rejection of a bill
How are the Congress reverse a presidents decision?
2/3 majority over the president's veto
How can judicial branch check the legislative branch?
declaring laws "unconstitutional"
How can executive branch override a new law created by the legislative branch?
president vetos the law
How many senators does each state get?
2
How many representatives does each state get?
Depends on population in a state
Who served as the president of the Constitutional Convention?
George Washington
How did the Great Compromise combine elements of the Virginia and New Jersey plans?
bicameral legislature
When did the constitution go into effect?
June 1788
What is an amendment?
official change
Proposed amendments needed what kind of agreement vote?
2/3 majority of Congress
Amend must be ratified by what kind of agreement vote?
3/4 of state legislatures
What is the Bill of Rights?
first 10 amendments of Constitution
What does the Bill of Rights protect?
citizens' rights
How did the Federalist Papers try to assure Americans about the new constitution?
government will not overpower states