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60 terms

respiratory terminology

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anoxia
The absence of oxygen from the body/es gases, blood, or tissues.
anthracosis
The form pneumoconiosos caused by coal dust in the lungs.
antitussive
Medication administered to prevent, or relieve coughing.
aphonia
The loss of the ability of the laryns to produce normal speech sounds.
apnea
Absence of spontaneous respiration.
asbestosis
The form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs.
asphyxia
The condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function.
asphyxiation
An interruption of breathing that results in the loss of consciousness or death.
asthma
A chronic alleric disorder characterized by spisodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing and wheezing.
atelectasis
Condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles that are blocked by secretions.
bradypnea
Abnormally slow rate of respiration; usually less than 10 breathes per minute.
bronchiectasis
Chronic enlargement of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured.
bronchodilator
Medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs.
bronchorrhea
Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathin, and the absence of breathing.
croup
Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.
cystic fibrosis
Genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large amounts of abnormally thick mucus.
diphtheria
Acuste infectious disease of the trroat and upper respiratory tract caused by the presence of diphtheria bacteria.
dysphonia
voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice.
dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing.
emphysema
Progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.
empyema
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.
endotracheal intubation
The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the treachea to establish or maintain an open airway.
epistaxis
Bleeding from the nose.
hemoptysis
Spitting of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
hemothorax
Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.
hypercapnia
The abnormal buildup of carvon dioxide in the blood.
hyperpnea
Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.
hypopnea
Shallow or slow respiration.
hypoxemia
A condition of having below normal oxygen level in the blood.
hypoxia
The condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells.
laryngectomy
Surgical removal of the larynx.
laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx.
laryngoplegia
Paralysis of the larynx.
laryngoscopy
Visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope.
mediastinum
The cavity located between the lungs.
nebulizer
Medical equipment that dispenses doses of medication in the form of a mist.
otolaryngologist
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, and throat.
pertussis
Contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a spasm like cough.
pharyngitis
Inflammation of the pharynx; also known as a sore throat.
pharyngoplasty
Surgical repair of the pharynx.
pleurectomy
Surgical removal of part of the pleura.
pleurisy
Inglammation of the visceral and parietal pleura in the toracic cavity.
pleurodynia
Pain in the pleura.
pneumoconiosis
An abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupationa contact.
pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
pneumothorax
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural spacecausing the lung to collapse.
polysomnography
Test that measures physiological activity during sleep.
pulmonologist
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues.
pulse oximeter
External monitor to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.
pyothorax
Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.
sinusitis
Inflammatin of the sinuses.
spirometry
Testing method that utilizes a spirometer to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of tiem each breath takes.
tachypnea
Abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.
thoracentesis
Puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleual cavity for diagnostic purposes, to drain pleural effusions or to reexpand a collapsed lung.
thoracostomy
Surgical creation of an opening into the chest.
tracheostomy
Creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions.
tracheotomy
Usually an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain acdess to the airway below a blockage.
tuberculosis
An infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosi.