Civics Ch. 3
Terms in this set (28)
A person with certain rights and duties under a government.
You have gone through the process of becoming a citizen.
A citizen of one country who lives in another country.
People who are chosen to speak and act for their fellow citizens in government.
Rule of law
A government of laws, rather than men and women.
Jury of peers
A group of ordinary citizens who hear the case and decide whether the accused person is innocent or guilty.
People who have seen events relates to the crime or who have special information that may help determine the guilt or innocence of the person on trial.
The well being of all members of society.
A person running for office.
Roles that people play in real life.
What are the four ways in which a person may become an American citizen?
You can be born in the United States, at least one of your parents was a citizen during the time of your birth, you have been naturalized, or you were under 18 when your parents were naturalized.
Why must legal aliens go through the process of naturalization in order to become American citizens?
Aliens must learn our language in order to communicate, learn our laws in order to abide by them, and be able to contribute to society just as everyone else.
What are some of the jobs held by our elected representatives?
Members of congress, the President, city council members, mayors, governors, and judges.
What would happen to our political system if our representatives were not elected by citizens?
The United States would no longer be considered a democracy. It would either become a monarchy or a dictatorship, and our political system would become extremely corrupt.
What are some of the rights that all American citizens share?
The right to vote and hold elected office, the freedom of speech, the freedom of religion, and the right to a fair trial.
Which values or beliefs are apparent in the rights guaranteed to American citizens?
Equal respect, freedom, equality, and justice.
In what way are citizens obligated to defend the nation?
When you turn 18, you may volunteer to serve in the army, navy, air force, or marines. Young men are required to register for military service at this age. They can now be called to serve in the case of a national emergency.
How do witnesses differ from jurors?
Jurors observe, gather evidence, and come to a decision after a trial. Witnesses saw the crime happen and tell the story of what they saw while the jurors watch.
What responsibilities do citizens share in promoting the common good?
Acting civil to protect the rights of other Americans and voting in elections.
What are some of the ways in which citizens can support a candidate running for office?
Carrying a campaign sign at a rally, sending information to voters, and making phone calls to encourage people to vote for said candidate.
What are some of the social roles the envision for yourself in the future?
Possibly a wife role and a different worker role.
What are some of the social roles you play?
The daughter role, sister role , worker role, student role, friend role, and consumer role.
How might your behavior change when you want to become a member of a new group?
You'll begin to makes things related that group a higher priority in your life, which means putting more energy and time into it.
Why might a person assume different roles in a single day?
You were born into some roles, you are required to play some roles, and you choose to play some in order to fulfill your needs.
What kinds of choices do people make as they play their social roles?
Sometimes roles conflict with eachother, so we must decide whether or not we want to participate in one role or another.
Suppose a student chooses not to vote in an election for student president. Why might that student not feel content with the outcome of the election?
He or she did not play their student role, so he or she had no say in the outcome of the election. The person will be left with the thought of "what if". One person can certainly make a difference, but it's up to that person to choose to make a difference.
Give two example of how people behave when playing the citizen role.
Some people run for election or try their best to influence the government's decisions, while others simply vote and give money to candidates running for election.
How does your commitment to citizenship compare to your commitments to other endeavors?
As a citizen, you must decide how much time and energy you will devote to your citizen role. You will also have to make this decision when it comes to taking on other roles that may conflict with one another.