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Review Questions for History Benchmark

Review questions from the review questions for history
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In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses represented
Steps in the growth of representative democracy
According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that government
Violates natural rights
Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown
"The only representatives of the people of these colonies are persons chosen therein by themselves; and that no taxed ever have been, or can be constitutionally imposed on them but by respective legislatures."

What is a valid conclusion that can be drawn from this quotation?
Only the colonists' elected representatives should have the power to levy taxes
The Mayflower Compact is important to the concept of a democratic society because it represents
a clear step toward self-government
The British system of mercantilism was opposed by many American colonists because it
placed restrictions on trading
The Mayflower Compact, House of Burgesses, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut are all examples of the efforts of colonial Americans to
use democratic practices in government
The Mayflower Compact of 1620 is considered an important step in the development of democracy in America because it
expressed the importance of self-government
During the Revolutionary War period, Thomas Paine's Common Sense was important because it
convinced many Americans who had been undecided to support independence
The Virginia House of Burgesses was important to the development of democracy in the thirteen colonies because it
provided an example of a representative form of government
"It is not the cause of one poor printer, nor of New York alone, which you are now trying. No! It may in its consequences affect every free man that lives under British government on the main [continent] of America. It is the best cause. It is the cause of liberty... Nature and the laws of our country have given us a right to liberty of both exposing and opposing arbitrary power ( in these parts of the world at least) by speaking and writing the truth." Andrew Hamilton

This courtroom summation helped establish which democratic principle in colonial America?
Freedom of the press
The pamphlet of Common Sense, by Thomas Paine, aided the American cause in the Revolutionary War because it
persuaded individuals who were undecided to support independence
The Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses were important to the development of democracy in colonial America because they
promoted self-government
Which heading best completes the partial outline below?
I. _________________ A. Committees of Correspondence B. Nonimportation Agreements C. Boston Tea Party D. First Continental Congress
Colonial Responses to British Mercantile Policies
In its economic relationship with its North American colonies, Great Britain followed the principles of 18-th century mercantilism by
limiting the colonies' trade with other nations
... I challenge the warmest advocate [supporter] for reconciliation, to shew [show], a single advantage that this continent can read [gain], by being connected with Great Britain. I repeat the challenge, not a single advantage is derived [acquired]. Our corn will fetch its price in any market in Europe, and our imported goods must be paid for, buy them where we will... - Thomas Paine Common Sense
This speaker is most likely opposed to
mercantilism
A major argument for American independence found in the Declaration of Independence was that the British
deprived Americans of their natural rights
Which statement is most accurate about the movement for independence in the thirteen colonies?
protests against British colonial policies gradually led to demands for independence
According to the Declaration of Independence, the fundamental purpose of government is to
protect people's natural rights
One of the principles stated in the Declaration of Independence is that government should
be based upon the consent of the governed
During the colonial period, the British Parliament used the policy of mercantilism to
limit manufacturing in America
The Mayflower Compact and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of
steps toward representative government
In which are did good harbors, abundant forests, rocky soil, and a short growing season most influence the colonial economy?
New England colonies
The Mayflower Compact, New England town meetings, and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of
early colonial efforts in self-government
The main reason Great Britain established the Proclamation of 1763 was to
avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native American Indians
The Declaration of Independence (1776) has had a major influence on peoples throughtout the world because it
provides justification for revolting against unjust governments