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Chapter 5 AP Gov Vocab
Terms in this set (17)
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals
the constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that states "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
Equal Protection of the Laws
also known as the "due process clause," emphasizing that the laws must provide equal protection to all people
the constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude
Civil Rights Act of 1964
the law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination
the legal right to vote
the constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans.
small taxes, levied on the right vote, that often fell due at a time of year when poor African American share-croppers had the least cash on hand. Used to prevent African Americans from voting.
one of the means used to discourage African American voting that permitted political parties in the heavily Democratic South to exclude them from primary elections. Declared unconstitutional in 1941
the constitutional amendment passed in 1964 that declared poll taxes void in federal elections.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage.
the constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
Equal Rights Amendment
a constitutional amendment originally introduced in Congress in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1978, stating that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." Failed to be ratified by the necessary ¾ of state legislatures
the issue raised when women who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men for working at jobs requiring comparable skill.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
a law that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment.
a policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment of members of some previously disadvantaged group.
constitutional amendment that lowered the voting age to 18.
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