Psychology Chapter 4 Sensation and Perception
Terms in this set (30)
The stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of sensory information to the brain
The process of organizating and interpreting sensory information.
The sense that provides information about the position and movement of individual body parts.
The light-sensitive inner surface of the eye that contains the rods, cones and neurons that process visual stimuli.
The transparent structure of the eye that focuses light on the retina.
The opening in the center of the eye that adjusts to allow light to enter.
The fluid-filled structure of the inner ear that transmit sound impulses to the auditory nerve.
Visual cues for depth that require the use of both eyes.
A visual illusion in which the perception of motion is generated by the persentation of a series of stationary images in rapid succession.
Cues for distance that may be available to either eye alone.
The tendency to perceive a complete or whole figure even when there are gaps in sensory information.
The perceptual tendency to group together visual and auditory events that are near each other.
The tendency to perceive objects that are moving together as belonging together.
The visual sensation that occurs after the original stimulus has been removed.
The smallest amount of particular stimulus that can be detected.
The minimum difference that an individual can detect between stimuli.
The nerve that transmits information about odors from olfactory receptors to the brain.
Deafness that results from damage to the auditory nerve.
Hearning loss caused by damage to the middle ear, thus interfering with the transmission of sound waves to the cochlea.
Neurons that respond to light.
Keenness or sharpness of vision.
The part of the retina that contains no photoreceptors.
The suggestion that only a certain amount of information can be processed by the nervous system at a given time.
The colors across from each other in the color circle.
The idea that distiguishing sensory stimuli takes into account not only the strength of the stimuli but also such elements as setting one's physical state, mood and attitude.
The process by which an organism becomes more sensitive to stimuli that are low in magnitude nad less sensitive to stimuli that are constant.
A binocular cue for perceiving depth based on the difference between the two images of an object that the retina receives as the object moves closer or father away.
The cranial nerve that carries sound from the cochlea of the inner ear to the brain.
The perceptual tendency to group together elements that seem alike.
The sense that provides information about the position of the body.
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