Chpt 4 Pt 5-connective tissue overview
EVERY/SOME/NONE type of mature CT has immature '-blasts' cells
____blasts are in loose and dense CT
matrix (ground and fibers)
immature '-blast' cells often divide and secrete _____
bone and cartilage
immature '-blast' cells become mature '-cyte' cells in ____ and ____ CT
macrophages, plasma cells, mast cells, adipocytes, white blood cells (MAPWM)
there are 6 main types of cells in matrix of connective tissue: list them....
_____ are usually the most numerous cells in CT.
_______ are flat cells that excrete fibers and some of ground substance
fibroblasts produce _______
a ______ is a kind of white blood cell that is a big irregular blobs that eats bacteria and debris and is found in CT matrix, but not the most common white blood cell
_____ cells make antibodies
_____ cells are most abundant in CT that underlays epithelial tissue.
_____ cells produce histamine and therefore is part of the bodies inflammatory response
_______ dialates blood vessels and restricts broncial making breathing more difficult
_______ are fat cells found in CT that store triglycerides
skin and organs
adipocytes are stored deep in ____ and _____
there are not many ____ cells found in CT and only when there is an infection.
neutrophils and eosinophils
There are two main types of white blood cells in CT:
_____ and _____
____ is a kind of white blood cell that is involved in allergic reactions where there is parasitic invasion
_____ contains water, proteins and polysaccharides.
glycosaminoglycans or GAGs
the colleccive name for the polysaccharides in the ground substance of CT is ________
_______is the main adhesion protein in the CT matrix is mainly involved in gluing cells to matrix (but also trapping and linking)
______ in the CT attract WATER
hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate
2 important GAGs (polysaccharides) in CT are: ______ and _______
the GAG _____ in CT is viscous, slippery and lubricates.
hyaluronic acid is a GAG found in ____
Sperm and white blood cells
____ cells and _______ cells produce an enzyme to break down hyaluronic acid (hyaluronidase) to make it more watery so that they can move easier.
unfortunately ________ (the enzyme produced by white blood cells for easier migration) in connective tissue helps ______ spread quickly.
______is a GAG found in cartilage bone and skin and blood vessels
____ sulfate and ______sulfate are minor GAGs found in CT.
______ are cartilage CT cells
________ are in bone CT cells
are White blood cells (apart from macrophages) that are phagocytes
collagen, elastic, reticular
There are 3 main fibers found in CT: ____, ____, ____
collagen, elastic, reticular
___ and ___ fibers in CT are made of PROTEIN while _____ fiber is made of protein (elastin) wrapped in glycoprotein (fibrillin)
_____ is strong but the most flexible fiber in CT and is found in the lungs and blood vessel
______ fibers found in CT are parallel bundles, are strong and somewhat flexible.
______ fibers are found in bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and areolar CT
_____ fibers are the most tough fiber
_____fiber is found in loose CT of basement membranes, the spleen and lymph nodes.
___ fibers form a framework of thin fibers in areolar and adipose (both loose CT) and smooth muscle tissue.
the GAG found in joints is ______
_____fiber is found in loose CT of the spleen and lymph nodes.
cells in ______ of CT vary widely depending on the type, but include the followingmacrophages, plasma cells, mast cells, adipocytes, and white blood cells
ground substance, connective tissue
GAGs are found in the ________ of _______
____ are polysaccharides in ground substance