9 terms

The Nervous System: Anatomy Review

Muscles and glands
Neurons communicate with other neurons and stimulate both ___ and ___.
Synapses, cell bodies, dendrites
Signals from other neurons are received at junctions called ___, located primarily on the ___ ___and ___, the receptive and integrative regions of the neuron.
Axon hillock, action potential
The area where the axon emerges from the soma (cell body) is called the ___ ___.
This is also where the outgoing signal, called a/an ___ ___ is generated.
Collaterals, terminals
An axon can branch, forming many axon ___. At the end, axons branch to form many axon ___.
Schwann cells
What support cell forms the myelin sheath?
The axon
Myelin is found around which part of the neuron?
Electrically insulates, protects
The tightly wound cell membrane around the axon forms the myelin sheath and acts as ___.
Nodes of Ranvier
The gaps between the Schwann cells, called the ___ ___ ___, are essential for the conduction of the action potential.
Only one, frequently, many
Neurons have (only one / many) axon/axons.
Axons are (never / frequently) branched.
Dendrites have (only one / many) branch/branches.