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First - Use of English Part 4 (Key Word Transformations) 1 of 2

First Certificate (FCE) Use of English - Part 4 - Key Word Transformations. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
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Terms in this set (...)

Because it snowed heavily during the night the motorway is closed.

DUE

The motorway is closed .......... that there was heavy snow the night before.
The motorway is closed DUE to the fact that there was heavy snow the night before.
Did you manage to get in contact with the boss today?

GETTING

Did you ......... in contact with the boss today?
Did you manage in succeed in GETTING in contact with the boss today?
I don't care what you do.

CONCERNED

As ......... you can do what you like.
As far as I am CONCERNED you can do what you like.
The meal we had in the restaurant was so nice.

SUCH

It ........ meal in the restaurant.
It was SUCH a nice meal in the restaurant.
He was ordered to leave the field for arguing with the referee.

SENT

The referee ........ for arguing.
The referee SENT him off the field for arguing.
Do you and your brother have the same looks?

LIKE

Does ........ you?
Does your brother look LIKE you?
That's the garage where I left my car last week.

REPAIRED

That's where I went ....... last week.
That's where I went to have my car REPAIRED last week.
You can't bring food into this room.

SUPPOSED

You ........ food into this room.
You are not SUPPOSED to bring food into this room.
'Why don't you come over for dinner at the weekend?' he asked her.

SUGGESTED

He ...... for dinner at the weekend.
He SUGGESTED that she came over for dinner at the weekend.
His boss won't tolerate lateness.

PUT

His boss won't ........ lateness.
His boss won't PUT up with lateness.
The school I studied at last year was better than this one.

GOOD

This school ........ my last one.
This school is not as GOOD as my last one.
Although the weather was terrible we had a good time.

SPITE

We had a good time ........ the terrible weather.
We had a good time in SPITE of the terrible weather.
Being rude is inexcusable.

EXCUSE

There is ......... rude
There is no EXCUSE for being rude
I find driving on the left in England very strange.

USED

I .......... on the left in England.
I am not USED to driving on the left in England.
I regret taking up smoking.

WISH

I ........ up smoking.
I WISH I had not taken up smoking.
The police are interviewing the suspects.

INTERVIEWED

The suspects .......... by the police.
The suspects are being INTERVIEWED by the police.
I want to go to university this year.

INTERESTED

I ........ to university this year.
I am INTERESTED in going to university this year.
"Have you been on holiday recently, Jane?" asked Tony.

BEEN

Tony asked Jane ........ on holiday recently.
Tony asked Jane whether/if she had BEEN on holiday recently.
I was too tired to go to the party.

THAT

I was ........ I couldn't go to the party.
I was so tired THAT I couldn't go to the party.
There's no point asking Lynda to help as she's really busy.

WASTE

It's ........ asking Lynda to help as she's really busy.
It's a WASTE of time asking Lynda to help as she's really busy.
The union claims its members will only return to work if the company agrees to a meeting.

UNLESS

The union claims its members will ........ the company agrees to a meeting.
The union claims its members will not return to work UNLESS the company agrees to a meeting.
I'm sure it was Ana I saw in town as I recognised her coat.

MUST

It ......... I saw in town as I recognised her coat.
It MUST have been Ana I saw in town as I recognised her coat.
We demanded to see the hotel manager to make our complaint.

SEEING

We ........... the hotel manager to make our complaint.
We insisted on SEEING the hotel manager to make our complaint.
The boss wouldn't object to you going early today.

OBJECTION

The boss would not ......... you going early today.
The boss would not have any OBJECTION to you going early today.
They decided to advertise their house on the internet.

PUT

They decided .......... their house on the internet
They decided to PUT an advertisement for their house on the internet
It's not worth inviting her to the party. She will never come.

POINT

There ......... in inviting her to the party. She will never come.
There is no POINT in inviting her to the party. She will never come.
Jo has not expected the film to be so good

BETTER

The film ............ had expected
The film was BETTER than Jo had expected
the two boys were sitting by themselves in the classroom.

OWN

The two boys were sitting ....... in the classroom.
The two boys were sitting on their OWN in the classroom.
"I have an interview tomorrow, so I ought to leave soon," Yannis said.

BETTER

'I have an interview tomorrow, so I ......... soon,' Yannis said.
'I have an interview tomorrow, so I had BETTER leave soon,' Yannis said.
The film will have started, so it's not worth going to the cinema now.

POINT

The film will have started, so ........ in going to the cinema now.
The film will have started, so there is no POINT in going to the cinema now.
Roberto arrived late this morning because his train was delayed.

TIME

If the train ........... Roberto would not have arrived late this morning.
If the train had been/come on TIME Roberto would not have arrived late this morning.
I had never met Pia's husband before.

FIRST

It .............. I had ever met Pia's husband.
It was the FIRST time I had ever met Pia's husband.
Abdul's mother didn't let him play on the computer until he had done his homework.

MADE

Abdul's mother ............. his homework before he played on the computer.
Abdul's mother MADE him do his homework before he played on the computer.
Although the police chased them, the thieves didn't get caught.

EVEN

The thieves managed to get .......... the police chased them.
The thieves managed to get away EVEN though the police chased them.
Considering that Luke is so young, you must admit he's making excellent progress as a musician.

ACCOUNT

If you ........ young Luke is, you must admit he's making excellent progress as a musician.
If you take into ACCOUNT how young Luke is, you must admit he's making excellent progress as a musician.
Unfortunately this television has a mark on the screen

THERE

Unfortunately .......... the screen of this television set
Unfortunately THERE is a mark on the screen of this television set.
She had to finish her homework before she went out.

UNTIL

She had to stay in ......... her homework
She had to stay in UNTIL she (had) finished her homework.
Due to heavy rain the children weren't allow to go outside at lunchtime.

LET

Due to heavy rain the teacher wouldn't ......... outside at lunchtime.
Due to heavy rain the teacher wouldn't LET the children go outside at lunchtime.
'Do you know the way to the italian restaurant?' Julie asked Maria.

WHERE

Julie asked Maria .......... the italian restaurant was
Julie asked Maria if/whether she knew WHERE the italian restaurant was.
The lecture was cancelled because the professor was ill.

CALLED

They ............ because the professor was ill.
They CALLED off the lecture because the professor was ill.
'Did you go to the tennis tournament on Saturday?' David asked me.

BEEN

David wanted to know ........... the tennis tournament on Saturday.
David wanted to know if I had BEEN to the tennis tournament on Saturday.
So that Susan would be fit for skiing, she went to the gym three times a week.

ORDER

Susan went to the gym three times a week .............. fit for skiing.
Susan went to the gym three times a week in ORDER to be fit for skiing.
The family went skiing a month ago.

MONTH

It ....... the family went skiing.
It is a MONTH since the family went skiing.
Paul never takes any notices what his children say.

ATTENTION

John ....... what his children say.
Paul never pays any ATTENTION to what his children say.
Steve is interested in learning how to design websites.

LIKE

Steve ....... how to design web sites.
Steve would LIKE to learn how to design websites.
If Patrick does not arrange some more lessen, he will never pass his driving test.

UNLESS

Patrick will never pass his driving test ..... some more lessons.
Patrick will never pass his driving test UNLESS he arranges (makes arrangements for) some more lessons.
You must do exactly what the teacher tell you.

CARRY

You must ... instructions exactly.
You must CARRY out the teacher's instructions exactly.
The car had almost stopped when it hit the wall.

HARDLY

The car .............. when it hit the wall.
The car was HARDLY moving when it hit the wall.
Despite having several broken bones, John was able to compete in the race.

THOUGH

John was able to compete in the race ............. several broken bones.
John was able to compete in the race even THOUGH he had several broken bones.
My grandfather is one of the last people alive who fought in the war.

VERY

Other than my grandfather there .......... who fought in the war.
Other than my grandfather there are VERY few people alive who fought in the war.
That car was too expensive for us to buy.

NOT

We would have bought that car .............. so expensive.
We would have bought that car if it had NOT been so expensive.
'Don't do that again, or you'll be in trouble!' said the teacher.

WARNED

The students .............. do that again.
The students were WARNED not to do that again.
I can't believe this is the best hotel in the city!

HOTELS

There must be .............. one in the city.
There must be better HOTELS than this one in the city.
Course fees must be paid in full before the course begins.

ALL

Students ................ before the course begins.
Students must pay ALL course fees before the course begins.
I haven't been to Oxford for at least ten years.

WENT

The last time ............. at least ten years ago.
The last time I WENT to Oxford was at least ten years ago.
My parents are both the same age.

AS

My mother ................ my father.
My mother is the same age AS my father.
Learning French is a waste of time because the language is not widely spoken.

POINT

There's .............. because the language is not widely spoken.
There's no POINT learning French because the language is not widely spoken.
You must do exactly what the manager tells you.

CARRY

You must ............... the instructions exactly.
You must CARRY out the instructions exactly.
In my opinion, these two kinds of music are completely different from each other.

COMPARISON

In my opinion, there is ........ these two kinds of music.
In my opinion, there is no COMPARISON between these two kinds of music.
The most I smoke in one night is 5 cigarettes.

THAN

I can't ........................ cigarettes in one night.
I can't smoke more THAN five cigarettes in one night.
The rescue team managed to rescue all the victims of the crash.

IN

The rescue team ........................ all the victims of the crash.
The rescue team succeeded IN rescuing all the victims of the crash.
I am so sorry I didn't pay you on time.

APOLOGISE

I ........................ you on time.
I APOLOGISE for not having paid you on time.
Melany admired the painting very much.

OF

Melany was ........................ the painting.
Melany was full OF admiration for the painting.
Someone stole Jenny's bracelet as she was leaving for the airport.

HER

Jenny ........................ as she was leaving for the airport.
Jenny was robbed of HER bracelet as she was leaving for the airport.
I advice people on how to throw a good party.

GIVE

My job is ........................ people on how to throw a good party.
My job is to GIVE advice to people on how to throw a good party.
There is no point in seeing that film.

WORTH

That film .............. seeing.
That film is not WORTH seeing.
Smoking in the library is forbidden.

ALLOWED

You ......... in the library.
You are not ALLOWED to smoke in the library.
It is far too cold to go to the lake today.

WARM

It ............. to go to the lake today.
It is not WARM enough to go to the lake today.
Magda saw Ela as she was going to work.

WAY

Magda saw Ela ........... work.
Magda saw Ela on her WAY to work.
I regret not taking your advice.

FOLLOWED

If ............ your advice.
If only I had FOLLOWED your advice.
You might get thirsty, so I put a flask of tea in your bag.

CASE

I put a flask of tea in your bag ............. thirsty.
I put a flask of tea in your bag in CASE you get thirsty.
Her voice was so quiet that we could hardly hear her.

SUCH

She ............... that we could hardly hear her.
She had SUCH a quiet voice that we could hardly hear her.
Going to parties was not something I did very often.

USE

I .............. to parties very often.
I did not USE to go to parties very often.
"I'll start saving money every month, I promise," Hannah said.

PUTTING

Hannah promised ............... every month.
Hannah promised to start PUTTING money aside every month.
Nobody knows why Donna quit her job.

MADE

Nobody knows ............ her job.
Nobody knows what MADE Donna quit her job.