World War 2
Terms in this set (37)
The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
Lend Lease Act
Allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
A second site, this city in Japan was also destroyed by an atomic bomb
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II, was attacked on December 7, 1941.
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
Gardens that citizens planted to raise their own vegetables, so that food could be sent to the troops.
Rosie the Riviter
name given to a fictitious woman who served as a patriotic woman who helped the war effort by working in factories.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
allied commander Africa, D- Day
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
German leader of Nazi Party. 1933-1945. rose to power by promoting racist and national views
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power.
General who took power to Japan and was the architect of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
British Prime Minister
Battle of Stalingrad
A major turning point in WWII; Soviet forces defeated Nazi forces after which the Nazis never recovered.
Battle of El Alamein
British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
Battle of Midway
World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Britain
German air forces invaded Britain but the British Royal Air Force drove them out with the help of the new invention radar that let them know where the German planes were
Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944
A region in northwestern France on the English channel
Japanese suicide pilots
Country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
A form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism.
Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
Arsenal of Democracy
US will act as the supplier of all things necessary to defeat
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others