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18 terms

College Health Chapter 10

Vocab by Micahael Jaouhari. PowerPoint stuff by Deep Duggal
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Psychoactive drug
A substance that causes changes in brain chemistry and alters consciousness.
Intoxication
Altered state of consciousness as a result of drinking alcohol or ingesting other substances.
Binge Drinking
Consumption of five or more drinks in a row by a man or four or more drinks in a row by a woman.
Central nervous System Depressant
Chemical substance that slows down the activity of the bain and spinal cord.
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
The amount of alcohol in grams in 100 milliliters of blood, expressed as a percentage.
Acute Alcohol Intoxication
A life-threatening blood alcohol concentration.
Blackout/ Hangover
Period of time during which a drinker is conscious but has partial or complete amnesia for events.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Set of birth defects associated with use of alcohol during pregnancy.
Fatty Liver
Condition in which the liver swells with fat globules as a result of alcohol consumption.
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver as a result of alcohol consumption.
Cirrhosis
Scarring of the liver as a result of alcohol consumption.
Tar
Thick, sticky residue formed when tobacco leaves burn, containing hundreds of chemical compounds and carcinogenic substances.
Nicotine
Primary addictive ingredient in tobacco; a poison and a psychoactive drug.
Emphysema
Abnormal condition of the lungs characterized by decreased respiratory function and increased shortness of breath.
Chronic Bronchitis
Respiratory disorder characterized by mucus secretion, cough, and increasing difficulty in breathing.
Asthma
Respiratory disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of difficulty in breathing, wheezing, coughing, and thick mucus production.
Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)
Smoke from other people's tobacco products; also called secondhand smoke or passive smoking.
Carbon Monoxide
an odorless gas that interferes with the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to vital body organs.