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29 terms

events leading up to american revolution

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reasons why the colonist disliked taxes
They were not represented in parliament
Stamp Act
A tax that the British parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the american colonies
Townshend Act
A tax that the British parliament placed on leads, glass, and tea
Commitees of Corresponding
They did anything to help spread the revolution
British East India company
Government charted joint-stock company that controlled spice trade in the East Indies after the Dutch
Effects of the French and Indian war
Put the British in debt, and made british the most powerless country in the world
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Organizations that led protests, helped American soldiers, instated a boycott, and generally resisted the British.
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
"the shot heard round the world"
The gunshot that started the the fight at Lexington & Concord
Second Continental Congress
The meeting of colonial delegates that approved the Declaration of Independence
African American side with and why?
African American sided with the British because they offered African Americans personal freedom from slavery.
Olive Branch Petition
peace petition sent to king george by colonial delegates after the battles of lexington and concord
Proclamation of 1763
law forbidding english colonists to settle west of the appalachian mountains
Tea Act
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
Loyalist
a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt)
Patriot
one who loves and defends his or her country
Battle of Bunker Hill
the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775)
Intolerable Acts
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Result of the Second Continental Congress
Military Matters-Congress assumed control of the army encamped outside of Boston, Statements of Position- offered philosophical justification of the war.
Response to the olive Branch
King George III could not have foreseen that ignoring the Olive Branch Petition would cost him all his land in the America
Why colonist were angry about tea
The British kept taxing the tea, so the price of tea was raising.
Significance of Lexington
The first battle of the american revolution
Militia, minutemen, and boycott
militia-a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies.
Minutemen-military soldiers ready at any time to fight
Boycott-to abstain from buying or using
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Quartering Act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
British East India Company
Government charted joint-stock company that controlled spice trade in the East Indies after the Dutch
Reasons for the French and Indian War
Was a struggle for territory and land
conflicting arguments of colonists and Britain concerning taxes
The colonists had arguments with the British because the British kept raising the taxes on tea, and the colonists got tired of paying so much for British tea. The colonists started to buy the cheap Dutch tea. This is how the Boston Tea Party began.
Why the French and Indian War began, the alliances and the results of the war for the french,British,and native Americans
Because of economic and religious differences. The British and French formed an alliance. The result for the French was that they lost and British finally had won. The Native Americans sided with both the French and the British.