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37 terms

nsg care: health diff: chap 18

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antibodies
Proteins produced in the presence of antigens that work against the
antigens
antigens
Substances that cause a response in the body, including those found
in red blood cells that cause them to clump or clot
antitussives
Cough suppressants
atelectasis
The collapse of a lobe of the lung
bronchodilators
Respiratory medications that relax the smooth muscles in the
respiratory system and pulmonary blood vessels, permitting better
airflow and gas exchange
cardiopulmonary
resuscitation
(CPR)
An emergency intervention done in the absence of heartbeat and
respirations
crossmatching
Testing donor blood with the recipient patient's blood to ensure that
no clotting will occur once the blood is transfused
cupping and
clapping
A nursing intervention involving percussing the back of the patient
and placing the hands in a cupping position over areas of the lung
that are filled with secretions, thus pulling secretions away from
mucous membranes in the bronchial tree, which enables the patient
to cough them up
digitalis
glycosides
Medications that strengthen the heart and slow the heart rate,
improving the heart's pumping action and supplying more blood
and oxygen to the tissues
do not resuscitate
(DNR)
An order to not use CPR if a patient suffers cardiac or respiratory
arrest
edema
An abnormal buildup of fluid in the cells and tissues that results in
swelling
embolus
A clot that dislodges from the wall of a vein, is carried through the
bloodstream, and obstructs oxygenated blood flow to a portion of an
organ, such as the heart or lung
endotracheal
Describes an artificial airway inserted through the mouth or nose
and into the trachea and with tubes that can be easily attached to
mechanical ventilators for patients who have general anesthesia
during surgery and decreased levels of consciousness
erythrogenesis
Promotion of red blood cell development
expectorants
Respiratory medications that liquefy secretions to enable patients to
expectorate or get rid of them by coughing
glucocorticoids
Respiratory medications that are anti-inflammatory and can
decrease airway edema and facilitate breathing
Heimlich
maneuver
Abdominal thrust maneuver, an emergency intervention used when
someone is choking
hemolyze
To destroy red blood cells
high-Fowler's
position
Positioning of a patient with the head of the bed raised to a 90°
angle
incentive
spirometry
A method of ensuring airway maintenance that requires the patient
to breathe into a plastic tube with a mouthpiece that is connected to
a container that calibrates the amount of air inspired with each
breath
nasal cannula
The most commonly used oxygen delivery device, which consists of
a plastic tube with prongs that can be inserted in the nares
nasopharyngeal
Describes an artificial airway inserted through the nose for patients
who can cough but are not able to expectorate secretions
nonrebreather
mask
A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and delivers the highest concentration of oxygen
oropharyngeal
Describes an artificial airway inserted through the mouth for
patients who can cough but are not able to expectorate secretions
orthopneic
position
Positioning in which the patient sits in or on the side of a bed while
the trunk is bent forward and the head rests on pillows placed on an
overbed table in front of the patient
oxygen
concentrator
A machine that delivers oxygen and is frequently used in nursing
home settings and at home for long-term oxygen management when
lower flow rates are needed
oxygen hood
A plastic bubble that surrounds an infant and delivers 100 percent
oxygen
oxygen tent
An oxygen delivery device that is used with infants and children and
delivers 30 to 50 percent oxygen
partial
rebreather mask
A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and delivers 60 to 90 percent oxygen
postural
drainage
A position that involves inverting a patient in order to facilitate
drainage out of the base of the lungs by gravity
Rh factor antigen
An antigen that can cause adverse blood reactions from others'
blood
suctioning
An intervention for removing secretions from a patient by means of
flexible catheters and tubing attached to a machine that provides a
vacuum
tracheostomy
Describes an artificial airway inserted directly into the trachea
below the larynx and that may be attached to a ventilator for longterm
airway management when airway obstructions are present
Trendelenburg
A position where the head of a patient's bed is lower than the foot
of the bed, with the entire bed flat
vasodilators
Cardiac medications that increase tissue perfusion by dilating
peripheral blood vessels
Venturi mask
A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and is often used for patients with chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease
vibration
A technique in which the nurse places his or her hands flat with
palms down against the patient's back, then vibrates the hands by
using pressure and movement when the patient exhales, thus
facilitating airflow within the bronchial tree and further loosening
secretions