AP World History Chapter 21: Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750-1850
Terms in this set (59)
Was the thirty years war one of the major eighteenth-century wars in Europe?
No, but the War of Spanish Succession, the War of Australian Succession, French and Indian war, and the Seven Years War were.
The Enlightenment was the intellectual movement in which
the methods and questions of the Scientific Revolution were applied to human society.
What is something John Locke would have argued?
People have the right to rebellion.
One of Rousseau's most radical ideas was that government
authority rested on the consent of the governed.
What were the goals of monarchs such as Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia in supporting the Enlightenment?
Expansion of royal authority over localism, religious institutions, and the nobility
Women helped disseminate new political ideas by
purchasing and discussing books of the era, contributing as writers and commentators, bringing together thinkers in their homes or salons, and raising the argument for women's rights
The Enlightenment's intellectual ferment most deeply influenced the
Respectable new public venues for discussion of intellectual ideas included:
The salon was
a private venue for discussing intellectual ideas
Counter Enlightenment thinkers argued that:
Changes and utopianism were flawed ideals
In the eighteenth century, the common people of Europe sometimes expressed outrage over
violations of popular customs
Enlightenment reformers sought to ban numerous folk traditions like harvest festivals or religious holidays because
they were a reminder of daily drudgery
What two related problems did the British face after defeating the French in 1763?
Limiting settlement in Amerindian lands and imposing taxes
The Proclamation of 1763 was the British attempt to
limit western expansion by colonists to land under their control
Which Amerindian chief drove the British from some western outposts at the end of the Seven Years War?
The Proclamation of 1763 and the Quebec Act of 1774 were intended to
keep colonists from taking Amerindian land by slowing settlement
The American frontier issues of the eighteenth century were a result of Britain's attempt to
get the colonists to shoulder some of the costs of imperial wars
The British angered American colonists by
limiting trade by regulations, imposing new taxes, outlawing paper money in the colonies, and dissolving local legislatures
Which 1770 event radicalized public opinion throughout the American colonies?
The "Boston Massacre"
The boycott of British goods was often organized by:
women of prominent colonial families
Before 1775, what were the tactics with which North American settlers responded to British policies?
Organizing boycotts of British goods, covering British officials in hot tar and feathers, destroying British property like British tea, and organizing committies
Common Sense, the pamphlet that stirred up anti-British sentiment on the eve of the American Revolution, was written by
A pivotal event that pushed popular support for independence from Britain was
the Boston Massacre
The British had significant allies during the American Revolution, including the
Mohawks led by Joseph Brant
The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was crucial because it
brought the French into the war.
At Yorktown, the British general Cornwallis
surrendered to General Washington
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 is called "the Second American Revolution" because
the delegates pushed aside the announced purpose and in secret wrote a new constitution
In the Constitution, slaves were counted as three-fifths of a person
to give southern states more representitives
The Constitution was different from the Articles of Confederation in that it
created a two-house legislature.
Under which state constitution were women and African Americans eligible to vote until 1807?
The French Revolution
did not create an enduring form of representative democracy.
As a result of the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was
The system of social organization in France would have placed the clergy in
the first estate
What contributed to the financial crisis that triggered the French Revolution?
The costs of the Seven Years War, the costs of the American Revolution, the costs of the War of Australian Succession, and Failure to collect taxes from the nobility.
In 1787, the Assembly of Notables
sought to protect their own interests.
Which French Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly?
The Tennis Court Oath was
the declaration by the Third Estate that they would not convene again without a constitution.
In response to economic depression, hunger, and high bread prices in 1789, a Parisian crowd
attacked the Bastille.
When the Parisian crowd marched to Versailles, it
demanded the return of the royal family to Paris.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man was
a contract between the king and the National Assembly outlining certain rights.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen included what rights
freedom of expression of ideas, equality before the law for all citizens, representative government, and freedom to own property
In September of 1792, rumors of counterrevolutionary plots caused mobs to
attack Paris prisons, killing half of the prisoners.
King Louis XVI lost his authority in France when it was taken in 1792 by which agency?
The Legislative Assembly
The Jacobin members of the National Convention were
Robespierre was a member of which political party?
The Reign of Terror
made a new calendar without Sundays.
The end of the Reign of Terror came in 1794 when
Robespierre was arrested and executed by conservatives in the Convention.
Napoleon's rise to power marked another modern form of government called
Napoleon's plans for European conquest were held in check by the naval supremacy of
Napoleon won the support of the peasantry and the middle class by
rewriting French law to assert equality in law and protection of property.
Napoleon's invasion of ____ led to his decline.
After his escape from Elba, Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of
Saint Domingue was most important to France because
it generated one-third of all French foreign trade.
Aside from the brutal conditions on Saint Domingue, the island erupted in revolt because
of the turmoil in revolutionary France.
Who was François Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture?
The leader of a slave revolt in Saint Domingue
Support for the Haitian revolution was found in the gens de couleur, who were
free men and women of color in Haiti
The Congress of Vienna was
The Congress of Vienna was
In 1830, Greece won its independence from the
The revolutions of 1848 were widespread across Europe and were inspired by
the desire for democratic reforms and national self-determination.