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Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, which set forth basic rights guaranteed to all Americans
money or property an accused person gives a court to hold as a guarantee that he or she will appear for trial
3 things protected by the First Amendment
1. right to free speech
2. right to the free practice of religion
3. right to petition
protects some of the most basic freedoms
1. Freedom of Religion
2. Freedom of Speech
3. Freedom of the Press
4. Freedom of Assembly
5. Freedom of Petition
1. protects an accused person from self-incrimination
2. protects people from double jeopardy
3. no person can be denied life, liberty, or property without due process
provides for a trial by a jury in certain kinds of cases involving money or property
forbids cruel and unusual punishment and also states the courts may not set excessive bails
deals with powers not specifically given tot he federal government by the constitution. It gives the states power to act independently of the federal government to protect citizen's rights
1. granted full citizenship to African Americans
2. declared no state could take away a citizens life, liberty, or property without due process
3. guaranteed every citizen within a state protection under the laws
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