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30 terms

Civics- Chapter 4

STUDY
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Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, which set forth basic rights guaranteed to all Americans
separation of church and state
the division between religion and government
self-incrimination
testifying against oneself
due process of law
the fair application of the law to one's case
eminent domain
the power of the government to take private property for public use
bail
money or property an accused person gives a court to hold as a guarantee that he or she will appear for trial
civil rights
the rights guaranteed to all US citizens
suffrage
the right to vote
poll tax
a special tax that had to be paid in order to vote
draft
a policy requiring men to serve in the military
rationed
limited by law to a certain amount
jury duty
serving on a jury
3 things protected by the First Amendment
1. right to free speech
2. right to the free practice of religion
3. right to petition
First Amendment
protects some of the most basic freedoms
1. Freedom of Religion
2. Freedom of Speech
3. Freedom of the Press
4. Freedom of Assembly
5. Freedom of Petition
second amendment
right to bear arms
third amendment
prohibits the quartering of soldiers without permission
fourth amendment
protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures
fifth amendment
1. protects an accused person from self-incrimination
2. protects people from double jeopardy
3. no person can be denied life, liberty, or property without due process
sixth amendment
provides a person accused of a crime the right to prompt and public trial by a jury
seventh amendment
provides for a trial by a jury in certain kinds of cases involving money or property
eighth amendment
forbids cruel and unusual punishment and also states the courts may not set excessive bails
ninth
implies that Americans enjoy the basic rights no listed in the constitution
tenth amendment
deals with powers not specifically given tot he federal government by the constitution. It gives the states power to act independently of the federal government to protect citizen's rights
13th amendment
outlawed slavery in all states and in all lands governed by the US
fourteenth amendment
1. granted full citizenship to African Americans
2. declared no state could take away a citizens life, liberty, or property without due process
3. guaranteed every citizen within a state protection under the laws
Wyoming
first state to give women the right to vote
19th amendment
gave citizens living in District of Columbia the right to vote for the President/ VP
24th amendment
banned the use of poll taxes as a requirement for voting in national elections
26th amendment
lowered the voting age in all elections to 18
23rd amendment
gave citizens living in the District of Columbia the right to vote in Presidential elections