social institution responsible for the transmission of knowledge/skills and cultural values within a formally organised structure.
people must acquire the basic knowledge and skills needed to survive in society
the social institution of education is an essential component in maintaining and perpetuating the culture of a society across generations.
the process by which children and recent immigrants become acquainted with the dominant cultural beliefs/values/norms and accumulated knowledge of a society
societies that have no written language and a characterized by very basic technology and a simple division of labor. *daily struggle to survive.
learning that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way.
societies that have written language, few people know how to read and write, formal education is reserved for privileged.
learning that takes place in an academic setting,(a school) which has planned instructional process and teachers who convey specific knowledge, skills, and thinking processes to students.
Where were most old schools and universities in Canada founded?
providing free, public schooling for wide- segments of a nation's population
conveys moral values- the foundation of cohesive social order.
open, stated, and intended goals or consequences of activities within an organisation.
Five major manifest functions
1) Socialization 2) Transmission of culture 3) Social control 4) Social placement 5) Change and innovation
hidden, unstated, and sometimes unintended consequences of activities within an organization
Three latent functions
1) Restricting some activities 2) Matchmaking and production of social work 3) Creation of a generation gap
social assets that include values/beliefs/attitudes and competencies in languages.
the assignment of students to specific courses and educational programs based on their test scores and previous grades.
is the transmission of cultural values and attitudes, such as conformity and obedience to authority through implied demands found in rules, routines and regulations of schools
a process of social selection in which class advantage and social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications
the process whereby a person is identified by others as possessing a specific characteristic or exhibiting a certain pattern of behavior. *devient
an unsubstantiated belief or prediction resulting in behavior that makes the originally false belief come true.
is the inability to read and/or write at the skill level necessary for carrying out everyday tasks.
any physical and or mental condition that limits students access to, or full involvement in, school life.
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
*all children with disabilities are guaranteed a free and appropriate public education
children work with a wide variety of people
education is used to perpetuate class, racial- ethnic, and gender inequalities through tracking, ability grouping, and a hidden curriculum that teaches subordinate groups conformity and obedience.
education has both manifest functions & latent function.
interactionist examine classroom dynamics and study ways in which practices, such as labelling, may become a self-fulfilling prophecy for some students, where these students perform good or bad to the expectations held for them by teachers.
the educational system need to eliminate gender bias and gender stereotyping in school curricula and equalize opportunities in educational programs
What percentage of students drop out of school before completing high school?
Approximately 10% of people under the age of 24 left school before earning a high school diploma.
What percentage of Canadians are functionally illiterate
%17 percent of Canadians are illiterate
What controversies persist in education?
1) Unequal educational opportunities for students with disabilities 2) Gender bias in classrooms 3) High cost of a university education