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Chapter 34: Franklin D. Roosevelt & the Shadow of War, 1933-1941

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Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the U.S. to abandon its neutrality
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated World War I munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Francisco Franco
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Abraham Lincoln brigade
Idealistic American volunteers who served in the Spanish Civil War, defending Spanish republican forces from the fascist General Francisco Franco's nationalist coup. Some 3,000 Americans served alongside volunteers from other countries. (858)
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
Poland
East European nation whose september 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the United States closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A. Lindbergh
Leader of "America First" organization and chief spokesman for U.S. isolationism
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Winston Churchill
Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Iceland
North Atlantic nation near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Hawaii
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the U.S.