Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam
Terms in this set (26)
Where was the Sasanid Empire centered
Role of Arabs in the rivalry between the Sasanid and Byzantine Empires
Merchants and military mercenaries
Agricultural goods gained in the Sasanid Empire by use of Silk Road
Cotton, sugar, rice
The establishment of Zoroastrianism and Christianity as offical faiths in the Byzantine an Sasanid Empires set the precedent for what future event
The rise of Islam as the focus of an empire
The Arabs' involvement in Byzantine and Sasanid conflicts led to what?
The penetration of Christian knowledge into the Arabian peninsula
Religion in Arab community prior to the seventh century
Mecca is an important city why?
It is a caravan city and pilgrimage site of the Ka'ba
Muhammad conceived Islam after what?
Muhammad's teaching built upon the beliefs of?
Judaism and Christianity
Why did Muhammad leave Mecca for Medina?
Meccan leaders were threatened by his popularity
After the city of Mecca surrendered to Muhammad, he established a new state based on?
A common religious faith
After Muhammad's death, the Muslim community did what?
Chose a caliph Abu Bakr
Muslim religious practice is based ont what?
The Five Pillars
The subsequent split of supporters to different caliphs divided the umma into?
Shi'ites and Sunnis
THe Muslims fought the Battle of the Camel in a dispute over what?
The legitimacy of Ali as caliph
Why is the martyrdom of Husayn a significant event in Muslim history?
It marks the beginning ofthe sect of Shi'ism
The founder of the Umayyad Caliphate
Yazid, son of Mu'awiya
The decline of the Umayyad dynasty was due to
Growing unrest among non-Arab Muslims, who demanded access to political power
Why is the Abbasid rule considered a "golden age"?
It created a a refined and cosmopolitian culture in Baghdad
Abbasid power declined why?
The empire became to big to rule effectively.
A significant factor in creating a powerful Abbasid culture was
The creation of a formal alphabet in the vernacular Arabic language
Umayyad Spain developed a distinctive Islaic culture because of?
The blending of Roman, Germanic, Jewish, Arab, and Berber traditions
Under Islamic leadership, the Jewish people of Spain did what?
Contributed to the culture growth of Spain as great trinkers and writers
The great vision of the Shari'a is an umma with what?
Common moral values, minimizing ethnic and political divisions
Leading motivation for unification of the Muslims?
To fight against the Crusaders
Sugism was significant in being what?
A quest for a direct union with God through rituals and training