Developmental psychology pages 245-261; 267-272
Terms in this set (25)
The child's cognitive representation of self, the substance and content of the child's self-conceptions.
Development that involves thought, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and convention about what people should do in their interactions with other people.
The first stage of moral development in Piaget's theory, occurring from approximately 4 to 7 years of age. Justice and rules are conceived of as unchangeable properties of the world, removed from the control fo people.
Children become aware that rules and laws are created by people and that in judging an action one should consider the actor's intentions as well as the consequences.
Development that involves thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what
The concept that if a rule is broken, punishment will be meted out immediately.
An internal regulation of standards of right and wrong that involves integration moral thought, feeling and behavior.
The sense of being male or female, which most children acquire by the time they are three years old.
a set of expectations that prescribes how females or males should think act, and feel.
Acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role.
Social role theory
A theory that gender differences result from the contrasting roles of men and women.
Psychoanalytic theory of gender
A theory deriving from Freud's view that the preschool child develops a sexual attraction the the opposite sex parent, by approximately 5 or 6 years of age renounces this attraction because of anxious feelings, an subsequently identifies with the same- sex parent
Social cognitive theory of gender
A theory emphasizing that children's gender development occurs through the observation and imitation of gender behavior and through the rewards and punishments children experiences for gender appropriate and gender inappropriate behaviors.
Gender Schema Theory
Theory that gender typing emerges as children develop gender schemas of their culture's gender-appropriate and gender inappropriate behavior.
A restrictive, punitive style in which parents exhort the child to follow their directions and to respect their work and effort
A parenting style in which parents encourage their children to be independent but still place limits and control on their actions.
A style of parenting in which the parent is uninvolved in the child's life' it is associated with children's social incompetence, especially a lack of self-control.
A style of parenting in which parents are highly involved with their children but place few demands or controls on them.
Support parents provide for each other in jointly raising their children.
Behavior engaged in by infants that lets them derive pleasure from exercising their existing sensorimotor schemas.
Play that involves repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned or when physical or mental mastery and coordination of skills are required for games or sports.
Play in which the child transforms the physical environment into a symbol.
involves the social interaction with peers
Play that combines sensorimotor and repetitive activity with symbolic representation of ideas. Constructive play occurs when children engage in self-regulated creation or construction of a product or a solution.
Activities engaged in for pleasure that include rules and often involve competition with one or more individuals.