500 Years World History
Terms in this set (21)
-Era where many new ideas were created regarding art and new ways of thinking.
1650-1800: debate between science and religion; bringing new ideas
Emergence of modern science between 1550 and 1700. The Scientific revolution introduced many developments in math, physics, biology, and astronomy.
Discovery of Silver in New World-
- amount of silver found then was equivilant to what was found in the world
- Europeans could buy almost anything with the silver they got from America
- Once silver entered China, Europe became even more successful
Transatlantic Slave Trade -
1500-1800 The trans Atlantic slave trade was the trade between trade of African slaves to the Americas to provide forced labor.
-Was when Goods from the Americas were first traded into Europe after Columbus's arrival, resulting in incredible demand for American goods which Created incentive to come to the Ameericas and make money, resulting in plantations for many valuable crops
******European invention of the Printing Press
-invented by Johannes Gutenberg
-had existed for centuries in East Asia
-spread quickley in Europe and brought a new spread of literacy, education, and new ideas regarding nature, human society
- Martin Luther decided that he was dissapointed with how the cristian church was being run so he came up with 95 thesis' to fix it
1760-1840. Transition of old to new manufacturing process. Many new techniques (assembly lines, cheap labor, etc...) were made to increase productivity and lower prices. Introduced many new manufacturing techniques that are still used today such as the production line. It also sparked new views about how the government should be run and views about how we treat nature and society.
*******Abolition of the slave trade
The Opium War
1839 -1860- The opium war was the war in 1839-1842 between China and Brittan due to the British wanting trades and imports into China so that they can collect resources. The Chinese not wanting to trade because of the illegal Opium imported by the British. This resulted in the Treaty of Nanking which allowed the British to trade within the Chinese ports and allowed Brittan to take over China's biggest port city for 100 years. This was the icing on the cake as Western Europe surpassed China and Asia economically and created globalization in the east.
******Gold discovery in California
-The discovery of gold in California in 1848 led to the California gold rush
-The gold rush was important because prior to it California was very sparsely populated, and the discovery of gold led to California becoming one of the most populous states.
-The population increase is a significant reason why the railroads across the country were contructed
-It also led to immigration from Asia because of its proximity to California, allowing the immigrants who built the railroads to come
-Made California a valuable piece of land
-the gold rush also led to the invention of certain technologies, like denim
******Evolution, Social Darwinism & Eugenics,
1859:Evolution, Social Darwinism and Eugenics played a big role in 1859 England and eventually throughout the world. In 1859 Charles Darwin wrote "the origin of the species" which spread his ideas about who we are and how we got here. This represnets a shit from old biblical ways to new modern thinking involving how w eevolved from animals and were not just placed here. Unfortuantley this lead to increased racism because many said that whites were more fit than any other race and so this also increased racism which is still present today.
******World War I
1914-1918 was fought, in part, for global market share. Production revived after the war, but so did the pre-war problem of finding markets for surpluses. Other factors made the competition vicious, especially between the European industrial and naval rivals Britain and Germany. The huge costs of the war, together with the determination of the victors to make Germany and Austria pay reparations, led to an international trading and finance system that depended on a complicated and unstable system of international loans. American bankers loaned money to Germany to pay off its British and French creditors, who were also indebted to American bankers.
1929. When tariff were imposed by many country's preventing trade and global business. Therefore the economy plummeted.
******Russian Revolution, Lenin, stalin,
1917. In Russia the creation of the world's first Communist state posed a challenge to the entire capitalist system, a challenge that would last until the 1990s.
*****Hitler elected in Germany
1933. . In Germany, Adolph Hitler's ideology of 'National Socialism' (Nazism) offered a second authoritarian alternative to liberal democracy. Nazism built on the sense of despair that World War I, the Depression, and the punitive war reparations caused among Germans. Nazism offered an extreme version of the competitive nationalist ideologies that had led to the war. Hitler became an advocate of fascism, an ideology that saw politics in terms of racial conflict between different nations, championed authoritarianism, and despised liberal values. The Nazi party flourished, and in 1933 Hitler became Germany's leader.
*****World War II
1939-1945 World War II. All the challenges of the 1920s and 1930s led toward a new round of conflict. In some sense, World War II was a continuation of the first war. Japan, seeking to create its own empire in East Asia, invaded Chinese Manchuria in 1931 and mainland China in 1937. Fascist Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935. In Europe, Nazi racist belligerence and aggression against its neighbors, first Austria and Czechoslovakia, then Poland, led Germany in 1939 into war with France and Britain.
1947 In India, the Indian National Congress, first established in 1885, became a powerful supporter of independence. In Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) it found an inspirational and creative leader. His non-violent protests against British rule played a crucial role in achieving independence in 1947.
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