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55 terms

ch. 10 sexuality and gender

chapter 10 sexuality and gender
STUDY
PLAY
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
sexually transmitted viral disorder that causes deterioration of the immune system and eventually results in death due to complicating infections that the body can no longer fight
Alfred Kinsey
regarded by some as the father of the scientific study of human sexuality. Published a series of reports called the Kinsey Reports which described common sexual behaviors in the US
androgens
male sex hormones
androgyny
characteristic of possessing the most positive personality characteristics of males and females regardless of actual sex
benevolent sexism
acceptance of positive stereotypes of males and females that leads to unequal treatment
bisexual
person sexually attracted to both men and women
chlamydia
sexually transmitted disease which can cause damage to the female and male reproductive systems resulting in infertility. Chlamydia may remain undetected for long periods of time
estrogen
female sex hormones
excitement
first phase of sexual arousal during which the pulse rate increases, blood pressure rises, breathing quickens, and the skin may show a rosy flush
gender
the psychological aspects of being male or female
gender identity
the individual's sense of being male or female
gender roles
the cultures expectations for masculine or feminine behavior, including attitudes, actions, and personality traits associated with being male or female in that culture
gender schema theory
theory of gender identity acquisition in which a child develops a mental pattern, or schema, for being male or female and then organizes observed and learned behavior around that scheme
gender stereotype
a concept held about a person or group of people that is based on being male or female
gender typing
the process of acquiring gender role characteristics
genital herpes
sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, which causes a painful rash of fluid filled blisters on the genitals
genital warts
lesions produced by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and transmitted through sexual contact. the lesions may be raised and bumpy, or flat and almost impossible to see
gonorrhea
sexually transmitted disease that affects the genitals of both sexes, gonorrhea causes burning or difficulty with urination, itching, and a yellow or green discharge. It is easily treated with antibiotics
hermaphroditism
the condition of possessing both male and female sexual organs
heterosexual
person sexually attracted to the opposite sex
homosexual
person sexually attracted to the same sex
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a virus that steadily weakens the body's defense (immune) system until it can no longer fight off infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, tumors, and other illnesses
intersexed
a person who possess ambiguous sexual organs, making it difficult to determine actual sex from a visual inspection at birth
mammary glands
glands within the breast tissue that produce milk when a woman gives birth to an infant
menstrual cycle
monthly shedding of the blood and tissue that line the uterus in preparation for pregnancy when conception does not occur
organic or stress induced dysfunctions
sexual problem caused by physical disorder or psychological stress
orgasm
a series of rhythmic contractions of the muscles of the vaginal walls or the penis, also the third and shortest phase of sexual response
ovaries
the female sexual glands
paraphilia
a sexual disorder in which the person's preferred method of sexual arousal and fulfillment is through sexual behavior that is unusual or socially unacceptable
pedophile
a person who has recurring sexual thoughts, fantasies, or engages in sexual actions towards prepuescent (nonsexually mature) children
pedophilia
deriving sexual arousal and pleasure from touching or having sexual relations with prepubescent (normally mature) children, or fantasizing about such contact
penis
male external sex organ
plateau
second phase of sexual arousal during which the physical changes that began in the first phase are continued
primary sex characteristics
sexual organs present at birth and directly involved in human reproduction
prostate gland
gland that secretes most of the fluid holding the male sex cells or sperm
puberty
period during which the secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained
refractory period
time period in males just after orgasm in which the male cannot become aroused or achieve erection
resolution
the final phase of the sexual response in which the body is returned to a normal state
Samuel and Cynthia Janus
in '93, published the most recent nationwide survey of common sexual behaviors. the publication is called The Janus Report
scrotum
external sack that holds the testes
secondary sex characteristics
sexual organs and traits that develop at puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction
sex
physical properties that distinguish male from females
sexism
prejudice about males and/or females
sexual deviance
behavior that is unacceptable according to societal norms and expectations
sexual dysfunction
a problem in sexual functioning
sexual orientation
a person's sexual attraction preference for members of a particular sex
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
any disease that is spread through sexual contact
social learning theory
theory of gender identity acquisition which emphasizes learning through observation and imitation of models
syphilis
sexually transmitted disease with the initial symptom of a painless open sore that usually appears on the penis or around or in the vagina. If untreated, syphilis may go on to more advanced stages, including a transient rash and , eventually, serious involvement of the heart and central nervous system
testes
the male sex glands
transvestism
deriving sexual arousal and pleasure from dressing in the clothing of the opposite sex
uterus
the womb in which the baby grows during pregnancy
vagina
the tube that leads from the outside of a female's body to the opening of the womb
Virginia Johnson
psychologist famous for her pioneering research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990s
William masters
gynecologist famous for his pioneering research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990's