The Skeletal System-Unit 2

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1. vertebrae

2. sternum

3. ribs

4.ilium

5. sacrum

6. pubis

7. coccyx

8. ischium

9. femur

10. patella

11. tibia

12. fibula

13. tarsals

14. metatarsals

15. phalanges

16. cranium/skull

17. clavicle

18. scapula

19. humerus

20. ulna

21. radius

22. carpals

23. metacarpals

24. phalanges
1. coronal suture

2. sphenoid bone

3. nasal bone

4. frontal bone

5. temporal bone

6. nasal concha

7. maxilla

8. parietal bone

9. squamous suture

10. lambdoid suture

11. occipital bone

12. mastoid process

13. styloid process

14. condyloid process

15. coronoid process

16. supraorbital foramen

17. lacrimal bone

18. zygomatic bone

19. vomer

20. mandible
bone cells
cells that the body has programmed to create bones
osteoblasts
bone-forming cells that create a matrix which becomes calcified
osteocytes
former osteoblasts that have become surrounded in bone matrix that is calcified
immature bone
the first formation of bone
osteoclasts
large multinucleated cells that reabsorb bone matrix
mature bone
bone that has gone through the formation and calcification process
ossification
bone formation
osteoid
an organic material that forms a matrix around osteoblasts, and the young bone thus formed
Which of the following is NOT a bone of the shoulder?
humerus
ulna
scapula
clavicle
ulna
How many pairs of ribs are in the human body?
6
4
8
12
10
12
To which vertebrae do the ribs attach?
sacral
lumbar
cervical
coccyx
thoracic
thoracic
The term for the inner, jelly-like portion of the intervertebral disc:
nucleus pulposus
epiphysis
annulus fibrosus
manubrium
nucleus pulposus
The noticeable bony prominence on the lateral aspect of the ankle:
calcaneus
tibia
patella
lateral malleolus
olecranon
lateral malleolus
Which of the following is NOT a tarsal bone?
hallux
talus
calcaneus
navicular
cuneiform
hallux
Which of the following is NOT a carpal bone?
trapezium
pisiform
acromion
trapezoid
lunate
acromion
The largest sesamoid bone; it lies on the anterior aspect of the knee joint:
patella
wormian
xiphoid process
vomer
patella
The ilium, ischium, and pubis are fused together to form the _____.
os coxae
sacrum
xiphoid process
greater trochanter
os coxae
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