105 terms

Understanding Literature ( Eng - I )

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Allusion
This is the reference to a person, place, or event from history, literature, or religion with which a reader is likely to be familiar.
Analyze
This is to separate a whole into its parts.
Archetypal Character
This is a character in a work that is very typical of a certain type of person.
Audience
This is whoever will be reading or listening to a piece of work/speech.
Authorized Biography
This is a form of nonfiction where an author tells the life story of another person and that person approves of the writing.
Autobiography
This is the story of a person's life written by that person.
Ballad
This is a rhymed, songlike poem that tells a story , often dealing with adventure or romance.
Bias
This is a prejudice that is leaning toward a positive or negative judgment on something; a personal judgment or opinion about a particular person, position, or thing.
Biography
The story of a person's life written by another person.
Central Idea
The key point made in a written passage; the chief topic.
Character
This is an individual's mental or moral quality.
Characters
These are the people or animals who take part in a literary work.
Classical Literature
This includes great masterpieces of the Greek, Roman, and other ancient civilizations as well as any writing that is widely considered a model of its form.
Comic Relief
This is a funny or humorous episode inserted in the midst of a serious literary work. It is intended to relieve dramatic tension.
...
This describes something that is complicated, difficult, or consists of interrelated parts.
Connect
To find as many relationships as possible within or between texts
Constructed Response
This is a type of writing assignment given on the HSAP test that requires students to "build" or respond to a reading passage. The response must give specific and relevant examples from the passage. This type of writing uses a 3-point scoring rubric.
Contemporary
A work which is current or popular today.
Context
This is the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word, sentence, idea, or passage.
Cultural Elements
This includes language, ideologies, beliefs, values, and norms. These elements help to shape the life of a society.
Detail
This is a piece of information that is used to support a main idea.
Dialogue
These are the words spoken by characters in a literary work.
Diction
This is the writer's choice of words, including the vocabulary used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language.
Drama
This is a story written to be performed by actors.
Dramatic Irony
This is when the audience or the readers know something that the characters do not know.
Dramatic Poem
This is a poem that makes use of the techniques of drama. The speaker is clearly someone other than the poet. More than one character may speak.
Dynamic Character
This is a person in a fictional work that changes during the course of the action.
Epic Poem
This type of poem is very long and usually relates the adventures of a legendary character or a national history. It is often passed down orally before being written.
Epistolary Novel
This is a long story written as a letter.
Essay
This is a short, nonfiction work about a particular subject.
Evaluate
This is placing a value or rank on a piece of writing or speaking.
Evidence
This is information that supports a generalization.
Excerpt
This is a selection or passage taken from a larger piece of a work.
Fiction
This is writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.
Figurative Language
This goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings.
First-person Point Of View
This is a point of view in which the story is told by one of the characters.
Flashback
This is a scene, a conversation, or an event that interrupts the present action to show something that happened in the past.
Flat Character
This is a person in a fictional work that is never fully developed by the author.
Formal Language
This is used by writers of scholarly books. It usually has longer sentences and a greater variety of words than everyday speech. Slang, contractions, and jargon are avoided.
Frame Narrative
This is a story within a story.
Genre
This is the category or type of literature.
Historical Context
The setting and circumstances in which a literary work is written or an event occurs.
Idiom
This is a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meanings.
Imagery
This is the use of language that appeals to the five senses--touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight
Imagery
This uses sensory images to help readers to picture a person, a place, or an event.
Infer
This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.
Inference
This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.
Informal Language
This is what people use in everyday speech. It usually consists of fairly short sentences and simple vocabulary.
Informational Text
This is a type of real-world writing that presents information that is necessary or valuable to the reader.
Irony
This is the contrast between appearance and reality or what is expected and what actually happens.
Legend
This is a story about mythical beings or supernatural events, usually originally told orally for generations before being written down.
Limited View
This is a point of view, in which the narrator is outside the story, reveals the thoughts of only one character, and yet refers to that characters as 'he' or 'she'.
Literary Device
A type of tool or strategy to enhance an author's style
Literary Elements
These are the components used together to create a fictional piece of writing.
Literary Period
Literary works are often grouped into these because they share a time span. This allows analysis for traits common to an identified time. These can include conventions, styles, themes, and philosophies.
Literature
This is the body of written works that includes prose and poetry.
Lyric Poem
This is a highly musical verse that expresses the observation and feelings of a single speaker.
Main Idea
This is the central and most important idea of a reading passage.
Making Connections
Doing this with a text means relating what is being read to what is already known about the subject and to personal experiences.
Metaphor
This is a direct comparison of two things, in which they are said to be (in some sense) the same thing.
Mood
This is the feeling that an author wants readers to have while reading.
Motif
This is a repeated idea, theme, image, word, object, phrase or action in a literary work.
Myth
This is a traditional tale about gods, goddesses, heroes, and other characters.
Mythology
This is a body or collection of tales belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes. It explains the actions of gods and goddesses or the cause of natural phenomena and includes supernatural elements.
Nonfiction
This is factual writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, objects, or events.
Nonfiction
This is prose written with the primary purpose of explaining, arguing, or describing in an objective, straightforward manner. It includes such genres as 'biography' and 'autobiography'.
Novel
This is a long work of fiction. It has a complicated plot, many characters, a significant theme, and varied settings.
Omniscient
"Third Person __________" is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and knows everything about the characters and events.
Organization
In writing, this is the trait of order, structure and presentation of information; It is the writing trait which measures logical sequencing of ideas, details, or events.
Personification
This is a type of figurative language in which human qualities are given to nonhuman things.
Poem
This is an arrangement of words in verse. It sometimes rhymes, and expresses facts, emotions, or ideas in a style more concentrated, imaginative and powerful than that of ordinary speech.
Poetry
This is the third major type of literature in addition to drama and prose.
Point Of View
This is the perspective from which a story is told.
Prediction
This is the act of forecasting something that may (or may not) occur later.
Purpose
This is an author's intention, reason, or drive for writing the piece.
Reading Strategies
These are the processes that good readers use before, during, and after reading to understand a text.
Rhyme Scheme
This is the regular pattern of rhyme found at the ends of lines in poems.
Round Character
This is a person in a fictional work that is well-developed by the author.
Science Fiction
This is a literary genre where the stories typically involve fantasy based on the technology of the future.
Self-monitoring Strategies
Active readers use strategies to help them understand and and respond to what they are reading. These strategies include highlighting important words and ideas, asking questions during reading, clarifying information, visualizing, using context clues, and applying the information.
Sensory Details
These are images help the reader see or hear or feel things. These are details that appeal to the senses.
Setting
This is the time and place in which a literary work happens.
Short Story
This is a brief work of fiction. It resembles a novel but has a simpler plot and setting and fewer characters.
Simile
This is a comparison of two unlike things using the terms "like" or "as".
Situational Irony
This is when something happens that is the opposite of what was expected.
Sonnet
This is a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
Sound Devices
These are the sounds of words that poets use to enrich their poetry.
Stanza
This is a group of related lines in a poem, similar to a paragraph in prose.
Static Character
This is a person in a fictional work that does not change during the course of the action.
Strategy
This is any kind of mental action used by a student to comprehend and make meaning out of a reading text.
Structure
This refers to a writer's arrangement or overall design of a literary work. It is the way words, sentences, and paragraphs are organized to create a complete work.
Style
This is the way an author expresses ideas through the use of kinds of words, literary devices, and sentence structure.
Stylistic Device
This is a device that not only helps establish an author's style but also gives power and effect to the language.
Summarize
This is to state briefly.
Supporting Evidence
These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.
Symbol
This is a person, place, thing, or event that represents something more than itself in a literary work.
Symbolism
This is the use of objects or ideas that represent something other than themselves.
Text
This is the main body of a piece of writing or any of the various forms in which writing exists, such as a book, a poem, an article, or a short story.
Theme
This is the message, usually about life or society, that an author wishes to convey through a literary work.
Tone
This is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character.
Tragedy
This is a work of literature, especially a play, that results in a catastrophe for the main character.
Universal Theme
This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.
Verbal Irony
This is when someone says the opposite of what he or she really means.
Vivid Language
This is the use of words in a work that paints a mental picture for the reader.
Word Choice
This is another way of saying "diction." This can help reveal a) the tone of the work, b) connotations of meaning, and/or c) his style of writing.