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IT Fundamentals - Commands and Scripting
CC-BY-SA source: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/IT_Fundamentals/Commands_and_Scripting
Terms in this set (67)
A means of interacting with a computer program where the user issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text.
command line shell
A program that accepts commands as text input and converts commands to appropriate operating system functions.
graphical user interfaces
Preferred by casual computer users.
Often preferred by advanced computer users, as they often provide a more concise and powerful means to control a program or operating system.
A sequence of characters used in a command-line interface to indicate readiness to accept commands.
The grammar that all commands must follow.
Define what sort of operations are possible, on what sort of data these operations can be performed, and how the grammar represents these operations and data.
$ or %
Common Unix command prompt ending for a normal user.
Common Unix command prompt ending if the user is a superuser (root).
Used to separate command options.
- -- / : ?
Used to indicate command options.
? -? -h -H /? /h /H
Used to display a brief summary of command parameters.
Used in command documentation to indicate required parameters.
Used in command documentation to indicate optional parameters.
Used in command documentation to indicate repeated items.
Used in command documentation to indicate a list of choices.
The Windows term for command interpreter scripts.
The Unix-like term for command interpreter scripts.
A set of processes chained by their standard streams, so that the output of each process feeds directly as input to the next one.
The character sequence used to separate commands in a pipeline.
standard error streams
Merged and directed to the console instead of the pipeline.
A function of most command-line interpreters that can send standard streams to user-specified locations.
The character sequence used to redirect input to a stream.
The character sequence used to redirect output to a stream.
The character sequence used to append output to the end of a file, rather than overwriting it.
The character sequence used by Windows to separate folders and filenames in a path.
The character sequence used by Unix-like operating systems to separate folders and filenames in a path.
The character sequence used to represent the parent directory.
The character sequence used to represent the current directory.
The command prompt for DOS and Windows operating systems prior to Windows 2000.
The command prompt for Windows NT, Windows 2000 and later operating systems
The application used to implement a Bash shell interface in OS X and Linux.
.bat or .cmd
The file extension for Windows command scripts.
The file extension for OS X and Linux command scripts.
The first line of a Bash shell script.
A path that points to the same location on one file system regardless of the present working directory or combined paths.
A piece of data provided as input to a program, command, or subroutine.
A Windows command used to change various characteristics, or attributes of a file or directory.
The default command shell on Linux and Mac OS X.
A Windows command used to display and modify the security descriptors on folders and files.
A Windows and Unix-like operating system command used to change the current working directory.
A Unix-like operating system command used to change the access permissions on files and directories.
Transforms source code written in a programming language into binary code to create an executable program.
A setting or a value automatically assigned to a command without user intervention.
A Windows command used to display file and directory listings.
A Windows command used to manage hard disk partitions.
An OS X command used to manage hard disk partitions
A dynamic named value that can affect the way running processes will behave on a computer.
A computer program or subroutine that processes an input stream, producing another stream.
Executes source code directly, without first converting the entire program into binary code.
A Unix-like operating system command used to display file and directory listings.
A form of online software documentation usually found on a Unix or Unix-like operating system.
A Windows and Unix-like operating system command used to make a new directory.
A Windows and Unix-like operating system command used to view the contents of a text file one screen at a time.
A Windows command used to move one or more files or directories from one place to another.
A command on Unix-like operating systems used to move one or more files or directories from one place to another.
A variable that allows for text or data provided as input to a program, command, or subroutine.
A Linux command used to manage hard disk partitions.
An environment variable specifying a set of directories where executable programs are located.
A set of processes chained by their standard streams, so that the output of each process feeds directly as input to the next process.
A path based on the working directory of the user or application.
Programs written for a special run-time environment that can interpret (rather than compile) and automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
A user interface for access to an operating system's services, using either a command-line interface (CLI) or graphical user interface (GUI).
The grammar or rules that define how commands are written.
A Windows and Unix-like operating system command used to display a recursive directory listing.
A common syntax used by Windows to describe the location of a network resource, such as a shared file, directory, or printer using the form \\ComputerName\SharedFolder\Resource.
A task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language built on the .NET Framework.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IT Fundamentals - Peripherals
IT Fundamentals - Operating Systems
IT Fundamentals - Installation and Configuration
IT Fundamentals - Applications
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