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25 terms

American History

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Christopher Columbus
Discovered America in 1492
Spanish
Explorer
Amerigo Vespucci
Discovered that America was not the Indies and had America named after him
Italian
explorer, financer, navigator and cartographer
John Cabot
Discovered North America
Italian
Navigator
Jacques Cartier
Claimed Canada for France
French
explorer
Henry Hudson
Discovered the Hudson River
English
Sea Exploer, Navigator
Captain John Smith
Large role in establishing James town, the first permanent English settlement
Sir Walter Raleigh
Popularised tobacco in England
English
Aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, explorer
William Penn
Founder of Pennsylvania
English
Real estate entrepreneur, philosipher
Daniel Boone
Created the Wilderness road in 1775
American
Pioneer, explorer, frontiersman
Samuel de Champlain
Founded New France and Quebec city on July 3, 1608
French
navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, chronicler
Benjamin Franklin
One of the Founding fathers of the US
American
Author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, Satirist, civic activist, diplomat
Paul Revere
Alerted Militia of approacing british forces before the battle of lexington and Concord 1775
American
Silversmith, patriot
Thomas Jefferson
The author of the Declaration of Inderpendence in 1776 and was also the third president of the US 1801
American
President
George Washington
1st President and was the dominant military and political leader of the US 1775
American
President, Commander-in-chief of the continental army
John Hancock
Had a large stylish signature on the Declaration of Inderpendence, funded much of the "sons of liberty"
American
merchant, statesman, prominent patriot of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
Founding father of the US, Made the book common sense which convinced the US to break away 1776
English
Author, pamphleteer, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary
Marques de Lafayette
Major General of the continental army, supported the American army with lots of money
French
Aristocrat, military officer
George the third
King of Great Britain and Ireland 1760-1820
English
King
Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
American
Inventor, teacher
Dred Scott
Sued unsuccessfully for his freedom in a hope to strengthen the Abolitionists cause but instead helped the slavers cause 1857
Africa
Slave
William Lloyd Garrison
American Abolitionist who wrote the newspaper "the Liberator", promoted immediate emancipation of slaves
Pocahontas
Virginia Indian Chiefs daughter that saved Jamestown, married an English man and promoted movement to US
Powhatan tribe
No job
Harriet Tubman
A black conductor on the underground railway who freed over 300 families and "never lost a passenger"
Africa
Slave, conductor
Lewis and Clark
First transcontinental expedition to the pacific coast by the US 1804-1806
American
explorers? biologists?
Samuel Adams
Leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, Founding father of the US
American
Statesman, political philosopher,