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76 terms

Chapter 7 - Integumentary

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Pressure ulcer
decubitus ulcer
Boil
elevated abcess around a hair follicle (inflamed and sore)
Hematoma
collection of blood under the skin
Hypertrophy
increase in size or enlargement
Whitlow
herpes simplex infection
Dermatitis
any disease that includes inflammation or infection of the skin
Tinea
fungus infection
Herpes
skin infection caused by the herpes infection
Sebum
oil that coats and protects the hair
Botox Injections
procedure that injects Botox into the muscle to release deep wrinkles
Petechiae
pinpoint hemorrhages from ruptured capillaries
Alopecia
acute or chronic hair loss
Jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous or eyes
Dermatome
specific area on the skin that sends information to the spinal cord
Senile Lentigo
light to dark brown macules with irregular shapes
Sudoriferous
the sweat glands
Urticaria
raised areas of redness (hives)
Extravasation
when blood flows into surrounding tissue
Hives
caused by allergic reactions - raised areas of redness aka urticaria
Eczema
over production of sebum combined with dry patches of skin
Anhidrosis
congenital absence of sweat glands
Rhytidectomy
aka facelift - removal of wrinkle and loose skin
Debridement
procedure to remove dead tissue from a burn or wound
Diaphoresis
profuse sweating
Pruritis
itching
Neoplasm
any benign or malignant new growth on the skin
Hirsutism
excessive dark hair on the forearms or lips of a woman
Male Pattern Baldness
when a mans hair thins and disappears on the scalp
Malignant Melanoma
skin cancer
Keloids
firm abnormally large scars that are bigger than the original wound
Nails
ungual
Xeroderma
dry skin
Layers of the skin
Epidermis/Dermis/Subcutaneous Tissue
Ung/o-
nail
Onych/o-
nail
Pediculosis
lice
Macule
flat circular lesion ie age spot or freckle
Papule
solid, elevated lesion ie pimple
Vesicle
solid, elevated lesion with clear fluid ie chicken pox
Wheal
Elevated lesion containing clear fluid ie mosquito bite
Erythema
reddish discoloration of the skin
Vitiligo
autoimmune disorder where melanocytes are slowly destroyed
Bullae
fluid filled blisters (very large)
Cellulitis
inflammation of the connective issue skin and muscle
Melanoma
black tumor
Verrucae
irregular rough skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus
Scleroderma
autoimmune disorder that caused the skin to harden
Furuncle
elevated absess around a hair follicle
Papilloma
soft fleshy growth that protrudes outward
Kaposis Sarcoma
skin cancer beginning in the connective tissue
Eschar
thick, crusty scar pf dead tissue forming on a 3rd degree burn
Allograft
skin graft form a cadaver
Xenograft
dermis from a pig
Autograft
graft from the patients own skin
Contus/-
bruising
Cut/i-
skin
Scler/o-
hard; sclera
Blephar/o-
eyelid
Cyan/o-
blue
Necr/o-
dead cells, tissue or body
Rhytid/o-
wrinkle
Integument/o-
skin
Psor/o-
itching
Ungu/o-
nail
Melan/o-
black
Ertythmat/o-
redness
Bx
biopsy
C&S
culture and sensitivity
I&D
Incision and drainage
-ose
full of
-cyte
cell
Epi-
upon; above
Sub-
below; underneath
Nevus
colored pigmentation of the skin ie mole
Lunula
the whitish half moon under the proximal nail plate
Layers of the nail
nail plate, nail root, nail bed